POVERTY PROFILE AFGHANISTAN
I choose Afghanistan to write about because we have had so much going on with that country and my boyfriend is reading a book on the crisis in Islam so I thought it would give us something interesting to talk about! Afghanistan is located in the middle east of the world. There exact spot is 35°north and 65° east. It is surrounded by Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Afghanistan is slightly smaller than the size of Texas and has an estimated population of 28,717,213. The land is mostly mountains and desert so it is hard to grow food and it is very hot. It is a semi arid climate with temperate grassland where they have nomadic herding with little or no activity. (US Department of State)
Afghanistan is not a stable government this country is always fighting and can never seem to find peace, which causes economic and social problems to all of the citizens of Afghanistan. In the last year, after the defeat of the Taliban, the people in Afghanistan have established a government through a President named Hamid Karzai. Ethnic and political rivalries plague the country, warlords military power has increased and anti Americanism is strong as tribes in the east and south feel distanced and victimized by the Kabul government and U.S. forces.(Rashid)
President Bush, who leads the way in trying to establish a stable state in Afghanistan, seems more concerned with the military and intelligence war on Al Queda rather than forming a political and economic strategy, which might stabilize the fragile government and start a reconstruction era. Behind Bush's administration is the failure of the international population to deliver on key pledges made to stabilize Kabul and five other major cities and to contribute reconstruction funds. (Rashid)
Personally I feel that if we concentrated more on stabilizing the Afghan people with a firm central government first while keeping Al Queda under a close watch we could reduce a lot of tension in that area of the world and give a much needed hand to people that are in need. It seems as though we have started Afghanistan in the right direction but with more focus on its immediate need, government.
Afghanistan's economy has seen widespread destruction over the past two decades of war. The nation's transportation and communication systems, heavy and small scale industries, education and agricultural infrastructure are among the most seriously damaged sectors that need tremendous attention and investment. Some regions of the country enjoy cross border trading with countries such as Pakistan and Iran, making everyday life pleasant while most regions are war torn or suffering from natural disasters. Afghanistan's economic outlook has improved over the last two years because of the $2 billion they have received in international assistance.
Afghanistan's natural resources are gas, oil, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron, salt, and precious stones. Their GDP is approximately $4Billion and the GDP growth is 28.6% (Bureau of South Asian Affairs). According to the Worldfact Book there are 11. million in the labor force, 80% in agriculture, 10% industry and 10% services. The GDP per capita is $700 (Worldfact book).
Their culture is very different compared to the United States and many other countries, but also similar in ways. The Afghan people have strict rules especially for the women. Women are forced to cover their bodies from head to toe when in the presence of a man. They are denied access to education and proper health care. Afghan women are forbidden to work to support their family and are beaten if these rules are broken.
Afghan life is a little rough. All family members are to live in one house, usually made of stone or mud set in a small village with other families and a small market. The oldest male of...
Cited: Rashid, Ahmed. (2000) Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press
Dwyer, G. (2003,December,29).Overhaul of Afghanistan 's Statistics will Help Poverty Reduction Efforts. ADB, http://www.adb.org/Documents/News.2003/nr2003213.asp
Afghanistan (2004) The World Factbook: CIA. Retrieved February 17, 2005 from,
Bureau of South Asian Affairs (2004,December). Background Note: Afghanistan. U.S. Department of State, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5380.htm
UNHCR (2001,September,10) Afghan Refugee Statistics, http://www.unhcr.ch/news/media/afghan/stat0917.pdf
UNICEF (2001) State of the World 's Children 2001. Retrieved February 17, 2005 from,
USAID (2005) Afghanistan, http://www.usaid.gov/locations/asia_near_east/afghanistan/
CARE (2005) Afghanistan, www.care.org
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