United States Government – 2305
Dr. Nancy Hart
6 October 2014
Essay Set II – Affirmative Action
The Supreme Courts have recently decided to allow states to abolish affirmative action in college admissions if state voters say so. Instead of getting rid of affirmative action altogether, the court decided to let state voters control what will happen. Affirmative action in evaluating college applicants has supporters and opponents on both sides of the political spectrum, but generally speaking it is more popular among liberals than among conservatives.
The Fourteenth Amendment outlaws racial discrimination. Racial quotas and preferences are and by definition, racial discrimination. Racial quotas are considered unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. Universities across the United States had already been admitting blacks for years. But they found that relatively few blacks had the test scores and high school records that are normally required for admission. So they instituted affirmative action, an alternative for racial quotas and preferences. In time, Hispanics were added to the list anomalously. The state of Texas replaced affirmative action plan with a percentage plan that guarantees the top 10% of high-school graduates a spot in any state university in Texas. California and Florida have similar programs. Affirmative action arose out of a desire to bring minority groups into institutions and professions that had traditionally been dominated by white males. Because of affirmative action, someone from a minority may beat or take the spot of someone more capable, simply because of their race or gender. Affirmative action is reverse discrimination. It seems unfair to judge college applicants on anything other than their merits. Affirmative action is the definition of reverse discrimination. Reverse discrimination is defined as the question of whether a person who is not of a minority race may be disadvantaged by preference given by official action to others on the basis of race alone. The discrimination from the past against minority groups doesn’t make it okay for the discrimination of non-minority groups today. According to United States law all men are created equal. With affirmative action, they say it gives more of an equal opportunity for people applying for college, but does it really give equal opportunities if colleges have certain racial preferences? Why should student’s race have to be a heavily weighted in college admissions? Affirmative action undermines true minority achievements’. This would mean crediting the success to itself. On a completely different spectrum, affirmative action makes it easier for some members of some groups to get into college and harder for others. However, the purpose of affirmative action is to increase the admission rates of minorities that are under-represented in our nation’s colleges. Affirmative action has allowed for fair evaluation of candidates by making up for social inequalities. Diversity in college’s student bodies creates better learning environments for students. Affirmative action is a way to guarantee that diversity among college admissions is maintained. Using this method gives chances to disadvantaged people from areas where there aren’t a lot of opportunities where they can use their potential. Affirmative Action will definitely improve the opportunities of a minority student applying at an elite university, but it will not be the deciding factor. Minorities tend to be at a disadvantage in income and education opportunities, therefor, affirmative action is the opportunity some minorities are looking for. So, in conclusion, my opinion would be that state voters should be able to vote on whether or not to keep affirmative action in college admissions. Today if you are a minority prove that you can go to the college you want without the help of affirmative action. Prove that you don’t need affirmative action to...
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