Affects of Demerol On The Body

Topics: Opioid, Morphine, Drug addiction Pages: 5 (886 words) Published: April 15, 2014


Rx = Opioids – Demerol

Demerol is a pain medication. It is also known as a narcotic. This pain medication is used to treat moderate or severe pain. It reduces pain for up to four hours. It is also known as “Meperidine”, or “Pethidine” in foreign countries. It acts on certain centers of the brain to give you pain relief. It is similar to morphine, but it is not a natural opiate like morphine or codeine. It is a synthetic compound, classified as phenylpiperidine. It is typically used before or after surgery or with another pain medication. Since it is highly addictive, this drug should not be prescribed to patients with chronic pain or conditions that last more than a short period of time.

Demerol is similar to morphine. It is wanted by many drug abusers. Since it is highly addictive, pharmacists and physicians are very cautious when prescribing it to patients because it can so easily be used for illegal purposes. People who illegally use the drug tend to crush it, chew it like a vitamin, snort it like cocaine, or dissolve the drug and inject it like Heroine. When it is used in a different form then it came in, the delivery of the drug will most likely be uncontrolled and can pose the threat of an overdose or death in the individual. This drug can become more addictive when taken with other drugs or alcohol. Anything that causes the central nervous system depression is a risk factor when taking Demerol at the same time. Demerol is only given by prescription and its distribution is highly controlled.

Demerol acts on the central nervous system and smooth muscle tissue. It slows the central nervous system down. This drug attaches to opioid receptors found in the spinal column and brain to interfere with the transmission of pain. Demerol users sometimes feel euphoria because the drug triggers the brain’s pleasure centers along with blocking pain. It has no effect on afferent nerve endings.

Demerol has been known to cause nausea (the sensation that induces vomiting), vomiting, constipation (having irregular or difficult bowel movements), dry mouth (also known as cotton mouth), flushing, sweating, lightheadedness, dizziness, and drowsiness. While on this medicine, a correct diet including fiber should be in place in order to prevent constipation. If constipation occurs, an over-the-counter stool softener or laxative can be purchased to relieve the abdominal pain. Also, an individual on the drug should intake four-eight water bottles a day and perform some sort of exercise. Demerol can also cause slow breathing, fainting, irregular heartbeat, mood changes, confusion, hallucinations, nervousness, numbness, shakiness, and trouble urinating. If an individual is experiencing any of the previous side effects listed, then he/she should contact their physician immediately and seek medical attention. Also, rare side effects include: severe abdominal pain, seizures, and a change in the amount of urine. Also an allergic reaction to this drug is a rare possibility. Immediate medical attention is also required for an individual who experiences a rash, itching or swelling (especially of air passages), severe dizziness, and trouble breathing.

When your body is used to taking Demerol, you can form a physical dependency on it. Suddenly reducing the medicine or stopping it can sometimes lead to withdrawal. Demerol withdrawal is not necessarily harmful, it can just feel very unpleasant, like a case of the flu. Physical occurrence can occur naturally and is not a sign of addiction. Physical dependence can be avoided by slowly decreasing the consumption or dosage of the medicine. A physician will gradually reduce the amount of Demerol prescribed and will have a plan that will be previously discussed with the patient prior to the prescription.

The effects of withdrawal can be really uncomfortable for people who have abused this drug for a long period of time. Demerol should not be discontinued...
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