Affectability of positive and negative written personal accounts on positive meaning finding and positive affect.

Powerful Essays
Affectability of positive and negative written personal accounts on positive meaning finding and positive affect.
Renee Hemara
Australian College of Applied Psychology
Word count:
1518
Abstract
We investigated the expressive writing paradigm through the positive, neutral and negative written event accounts of undergraduate students of the Australian College of Applied Psychology. Undergraduates (N= 173, Mean age = 27.52; 75% Female) were required to answer a number of tests acting as a decoy before asked to describe in writing a positive or negative event dependent on random assignment. Control group was asked to describe their day in attempt for results of neutral stimulus. At the conclusion of this written account, participants completed a positive and negative affectability scale to test for ambient mood; as well as a questionnaire to determine positive meaning finding. Results suggest that writing about an intense positive experience will result in a greater increase in positive affect ((M negative = -3.81, SD = 9.54; M positive= 3.14, SD = 7.34) p < .001). In analysis of positive meaning finding, M negative= 15.46, SD = 4.35; M positive = 19.24, SD = 2.65 (p < .001).
Keywords: Expressive writing paradigm, positive and negative affect, positive meaning finding
Affectability of positive and negative written personal accounts on positive meaning finding and positive affect.
An individual’s conduct of thoughts and feelings disclosure relating to aspects of their life is often utilized through expressive writing as a therapeutic strategy. This act is more formally recognized as the expressive writing paradigm (Nicholls, 2009), describing the health benefits of expressive writing production. Rebuttals against this theory include its lack of a clear definition in regard to the reasons it proves an effective therapy (Sloan & Marx, 2004), though its effectiveness remains undisputed. Expressive writing in studies can include a variety of different topic



References: Åkesdotter, C., Svender, J., & Söderlund, K. (2012). Does Writing Down . Sweden: The Swedish School of Sport and Health Science . Kelly, R. (2012). Encouraging acceptance of ambivalence using the expressive writing paradigm. Psychology & Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 85(2), 220-228. Kirk, B. A., Schutte, N. S., & Hine, D. W. (2011). The Effect of an Expressive‐Writing Intervention for Employees on Emotional Self‐Efficacy, Emotional Intelligence, Affect, and Workplace Incivility. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(1), 179-195. Lu, Q., Zheng, D., Young, L., Kagawa-Singer, M., & Loh, A. (2012). A pilot study of expressive writing intervention among Chinese-speaking breast cancer survivors. Health Psychology, 31(5), 548-551. doi:10.1037/a0026834 Nicholls, S. (2009). Beyond Expressive Writing Evolving Models of Developmental Creative Writing. Journal of Health Psychology, 14(2): 171–180 Páez, D., Velasco, C., & González, J. (1999). Expressive writing and the role of alexythimia as a dispositional deficit in self-disclosure and psychological health. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 77(3), 630-641. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.77.3.630 Pennebaker, J. W. (1997). Writing about emotional experiences as a therapeutic process. Psychological Science, 8, 162–166. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.1997.tb00403.x Pennebaker, J. W., & Beall, S. (1986). Confronting a traumatic event: Toward an understanding. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, 274–281. doi:10.1037/0021- Pennebaker, J. W., & Chung, C. K. (2007). New York: Oxford. Sloan, D. M., & Marx, B. P. (2004). A Closer Examination of the Structured Written Disclosure Procedure. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 72(2), 165-175. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.72.2.165

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Positives and Negatives

    • 472 Words
    • 2 Pages

    difficult. I am a frank, unselfish, team player with the driving power and willingness to learn and face challenges. These are some of the strengths I believe I have in me. Talking about some of my weaknesses, I sometimes get very emotional which affects my day to day life. Also, I feel that I am sensitive to my criticisms. When this happens, I sometimes become short-tempered. My another weakness is that in some cases, I tend to underestimate myself which is one of my biggest weakness I believe so…

    • 472 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    that can be really negative and yet some can be really positive and sometimes you can get lost in your imagination which can be bad. From the film Finding Neverland has many of those positive and negative imagination. I will explain the positive and negative imagination from that movie and some that aren’t in that movie but can still happen to you or others around you. Just be prepared for the effects I am about to tell you. So let’s get onto it. There are many negative effects of imagination…

    • 351 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    All Positive and Negative

    • 2925 Words
    • 12 Pages

    A NEW METHOD FOR GENERATING ALL POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE RULES A project report submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements For the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING Submitted by N.Vamsi Krishna Y08CS085 P.R.S.Anudeep Y08CS099 K.V.Praneeth Y08CS112 B.Vipin Y08CS124 Under the esteemed guidance of Dr.K.Srinivas,M.Tech.Ph.D Department of Computer Science and Engineering V.R.Siddhartha Engineering College…

    • 2925 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Positive Negative Boss

    • 512 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Khamdee Thanyatep MBA1 Positive and Negative Situation Everyone encounters negative situations, whether at home, work, in the community, or at school. How we deal with these situations is what determines whether we grow and become stronger, or are beaten by them. We all face negative situations in our life. Someone may say something bad about you, or something you’ve worked hard on is rejected. In situations like this it is difficult to keep a positive attitude. However we’re judged by our communications…

    • 512 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The two industries I chose to show examples of negative and positive externalities are Phillip Morris International and the Southwest Airlines. The negative externalities are from the Phillip Morris articles in relation to second hand smoke and health costs associated with smoking. There is over 60 billion spent in health costs. There are 35 billion in medical expenses, 20 billion from missed time at work and 5 billion in related fires, smoke, and odor damage. These are not only for the people that…

    • 509 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Positive and Negative Reinforcement Positive Reinforcement Positive and Negative Reinforcement What are Positive Reinforcement and Negative Reinforcemens? Positive and negative reinforcement are used in most of the three theories. Negative reinforcement is used in behaviorism, where it involves the removal of an unpleasant stimulus when a desired behavior occurs. Positive Reinforcement is a technique used to increase desired behavior and is used in operant conditioning. Positive reinforcement…

    • 1364 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nationalism; Positive or Negative? Nationalism can be defined as the collective; shared, sense of belonging of people who identify themselves as a nation. Nationalism is all around us, every day in both large and small cases, having both positive and negative effects. It cannot be fully positive or fully negative because every situation and circumstances are so different, and theretofore so are the end results. It can be as simple as pride in your country during the times of the Olympic Games…

    • 2008 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Positive And Negative Change The author's comments: Quotes You may think when good things happen to you your life is perfect but later some things come back to you in a negative way. Quotes Change may be positive and negative. For example, negative change may seem all rotten but a lot of the time there are wonderful things in it. To begin with, getting sick is negative but it is also positive. When people get sick it’s negative because they can not go anywhere they want to go. Instead…

    • 305 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Negative and Positive Freedom – An Introduction Negative freedom The concept of negative freedom centres on freedom from interference. This type of account of freedom is usually put forward in response to the following sort of question: What is the area within which the subject – a person or group of persons – is or should be left to do or be what he is able to do or be, without interference by other persons? (Berlin) Or, more simply, ‘Over what area am I master?’ Theories of negative freedom spell…

    • 2059 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    This written assignment will present and discuss the positive and negative affects that Sarbanes Oxley has on publicly traded corporations, the accounting professions, and financial statement users. I will use different resources in order to discuss these two sides and concentrate more in the actual Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Sarbanes-Oxley was created to improve quality and transparency in financial reporting, independent audits, and accounting services for public companies. SOX was also established…

    • 1500 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays