advantages of poem

Topics: Family, Poetry Pages: 12 (6644 words) Published: October 27, 2014
YEAR 12 POETRY Preparing for Achievement Standard 90378 (2.4) assessed in the external exams through an essay and worth 3 credits. Read it Say it out loud Talk about it Study it Think about it listen to it Write about it Enjoy it phmulqueen@papatoetoehigh.school.nz CONTENTS Introduction to the achievement standard How to approach a poem p3 How to annotate a poem p4 Writing about style and language p5 Sample NCEA questions with criteria p6 Poems from New Zealand Tihei Mauriora p8 Bred in South Auckland p9 Race Relations p10 Poems from the Pacific Fings da kirls should know p11 My Dog p12 Wild Dogs under my skirt p13 A Book and a Pen p14 You, the Choice of my Parents p15 Poems from other cultures Island man p16 Half-caste p17 Search for my Tongue p18 Presents from my aunt in Pakistan p19 What were they like 20 APPROACHING A POEM Dont worry a poem is not a puzzle that must be deciphered completely before you get the right answer. A poet spends a lot of time choosing exactly the best words for her/his poem. You may not understand them all or be able to see why they were chosen. That doesnt mean you cannot understand the idea that the poet is trying to share. And some poems you may be asked to read are written by and for people who have a lot more experience of life than you do at the moment. You can enjoy and understand parts of a poem without fully grasping it all. Always read a poem lots of times. And try to read it aloud. The first poetry was meant to be spoken aloud or read aloud, just like childrens poems and stories. And read to the punctuation. Often an idea is not contained in each separate line. Decide what you think the poem is generally about. There may be a simple surface meaning and a deeper one too. Do this before you begin to look at the way the poet has chosen words and images, has used figures of speech and layout, to deliver that meaning. Sometimes the title can hint at the theme of a poem. Look at the poem in more detail. Always ask yourself why the poet chose those particular words. Often you will be asked questions that guide you towards particular things like figures of speech (simile, metaphor, sound devices), parts of speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives), pattern (rhythm, rhyme, sentence structure). At this level it is important that you are able to recognise and name the devices used, but much more important that you can comment on their effect in terms of the poem as a whole. Respond. Think about why you enjoyed the poem. Was it humnorous Was it relevant to your life Poems mean different things to different people. Your personal response may be different from your classmates but it is just as valid. Dont worry. Relax and enjoy as much poetry as you can. Read some for pleasure. Annotating a poem A useful way to understand and appreciate a poem is to place a copy of it in the middle of a sheet of paper and annotate your ideas around it Read the poem aloud if possible or alternatively listen to someone else read it. Read the poem to yourself several more times as you get confident with is vocabulary, rhythm and flow. Using a quality dictionary, look up the meaning of any words you are unsure of. Annotate these definitions. A dictionary often gives several meanings for a word so you need to pick the meaning that fits the poem. Look for the subject the poets attitude towards the subject, often revealed as tone the theme. Then look for images created by use of figures of speech perhaps effective words (diction, vocabulary) patterns like sentence structure, verses, rhyme Then ask yourself What do I think about the poem and its ideas Here is one of the poems from this booklet it has been annotated for you. Island Man by Grace Nichols Island Man (for a Caribbean island man in London who still wakes up to the sound of the sea) Morning and island man wakes up to the sound of blue surf in his head the steady breaking and wombing wild seabirds...
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