Advanced Topics in Corrections

Topics: Prison, Criminal justice, Corrections Pages: 5 (1163 words) Published: May 12, 2014


Advanced Topics in Corrections: CRJS450 - 1402A - 01

Pennsylvania was the leader in sentencing and correctional reform in the early history of the United States. Discuss what groups were associated with this reform.

“The evolution of American prison labor is rooted in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania penal system, originating in 1682 under the leadership of William Penn, was the first state prison system to suggest the replacement of torture and mutilation as punishment for crimes with hard labor in houses of correction. Penn's intentions were not systematically executed when his penal code of 1682 was repealed. As a result, labor in penal institutions was practically non-existent in Pennsylvania during the Colonial Period. However, Penn's efforts were not futile as the penal code outlined in 1682 left a mark on the laws of Pennsylvania and the evolution of prison labor across the nation.”

“When Pennsylvania and other colonies in the New World were settled, prisons were some of the first public buildings that pilgrims erected, not so much to punish criminals, but to house prisoners of war, people awaiting trial and ironically people behind on debts. In the 18th century, a prison more likely was called a jail.”

I didn’t know that fact that back than was to punish them and it was just used to take the war prisoners. I never even when the word jail can from and now I do it was in the 18th century still can’t believe that we had to start that early with having jails.

“The Pennsylvania Prison Society was the first of its kind in the world, and was formed in response to conditions at Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia. Most inmates had no clothing, because they only had clothes to barter for liquor, one of many outrageous charges inmates had to pay in the overcrowded prison. After the society's reform efforts, prisoners were sorted more in accord with their offenses a practice still in effect today. The prison also eased overcrowding and added workshops with trade instruction. Eventually, a new large prison was built for the state in the 1830s, which had flush toilets in every cell even before the White House had flushing toilets.”

“Continuing to this day, prison reform advocates usually want better conditions, medical care and educational opportunities and more humane treatment of prisoners. They're often supportive of the idea that prisons should rehabilitate inmates, rather than just warehouse them for the length of their sentences. Balancing the competing interests of reforming criminals, preventing further crimes and protecting the public continues to cause debate and challenge prison leaders and policymakers.” What influences does the system have on the correctional system today? I believe that the correctional system form when is stated until today is the one main thing they always wanted I believe its keeping the people in jail is what they always really wanted. Now the way the jails were back then and the way they are today are really different they have made the jail better but at what cost taxes payers money of course. Everything has change I believe that the only thing that’s has not it trying to keep them in inside of jail I believe that that’s their main goal. I and hotly said that’s the only thing that’s as stay the same in the years that have past I know they don’t use the pushiest of infecting pain anymore other than the death sentence.

The Pennsylvania System was supported by the notion of keeping all who were committed to prison behind bars and separated from all other prisoners. That’s still the same from the being of jail time and I have to agree with this is the most important issue we have is keeping them away from us and in jail.

“The environment was completely introverted, cold and tough for a person to outlive. This system was allowed or many years later proved not to be effective. The Auburn...

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