Nurse as Clinician
As clinicians, nurses have an “in-depth knowledge of a clinical population, advanced recognitional abilities, and increased use of past whole situations of situation specific referents for understanding the clinical situation” (Benner, 1984). Advance nurse practitioners focus on client and situations which enhance positive outcomes for the client. Thus, the practitioner’s actions are purposeful, directed towards excellence and pragmatic (Sutton & Smith, 1995). Nurse clinicians practice with distinct characteristics while aiming for an effective management of the health problems of patients. Clinicians become competent in managing the complex health issues of patients and thus are in a front-line position to improve patient quality of care (Chuk, 1997). Nurse clinicians possess expert nursing skills which results in an acceleration of the nursing
References: Anderson, G. & Hicks, S. (1986). The clinical nurse specialist role, overview and future prospects Bridges, J.M. (1990). Literature review on the images of the nurse and nursing in the media. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15(7), 850-854. Calkin, J.D. (1984). A model for advanced nursing practice. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 14(1), 1037-1043. Chuk, P. K. (1997). Clinical nurse specialists and quality patient care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26(3), 501-506. Cohen, A. (1991). Two portraits of caring: a comparison of the artists, Leininger and Watson. Journal of Advanced Nursing 16(8), 899-909. College and Association of Registered Nurses of Alberta. (2005). Scope of Practice for Registered Nurses Gordon, S. (2006). What do nurses really do? Topics in Advanced Practice Nursing eJournal, 6(1). Kalisch, P. A. & Kalisch, B.J. (1987). The changing image of the nurse. Menlo Park, California: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Kozier, B., Erb, G., Berman, A.J., Burke, K., Bochal, D., & Hirst, A.P. (2004). Fundamentals of Nursing: the nature of nursing practice in Canada Roach, M.S. (1992). The human act of caring: A blueprint for the health professions. Ottawa, ON, Canada: Canadian Hospital Association Press. Strong, A.A. (2004). Gender Bias and Discrimination in Nursing Education: Can We Change It? Nurse Educator, 29(3), 121-125. Sutton, F. & Smith, C. (1995). Advanced nursing practice: new ideas and new perspectives. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 21(6), 1037-1043.