Topics: Nutrition, Vitamin, Ratio Pages: 3 (393 words) Published: March 12, 2013
COURSE: ADVANCED FISH NUTRITION (FIS 504)
UNITS: 2
LECTURER: Dr. S.O. Obasa
1. Advanced principles of fish nutrition;
i.
Requirement for energy.
*Sources of energy in fish feeds.
*Differences in energy need between fish and other farm animals. *The implications of feeding fish with feed that has excess or deficient energy.
ii.
Protein requirement.
*Functions of protein in fish.
*Sources of protein in fish feeds.
*Factors affecting protein requirement in fish.
iii.
Vitamins and minerals.
*Introduction (Definition and brief explanation of vitamins). *Classification of vitamins i.e. water soluble and oil soluble; macro and micro vitamins.
*Functions of different vitamins in fish.
*Functions of various in fish and livestock.
iv.
Non nutrients feed components;
*Introduction (Definition and brief explanation of non nutrient feed component).
* Sources and effects of non nutrient feed components on fish. 2. Feed formulation.
i.

Definition. Calculation of different ingredients to be mixed together to form a balance ration.

ii.

Requirements of feed formulation.

iii.

Different methods of feed formulation.
Pearson’s square
Least cost and
Algebraic.

Example 3

Formulate a ration containing 30% CP using fish meal (72%CP), soybean meal (43%CP) in the ratio 1:2. Use maize (10%CP) as energy source..
(Ratios are assigned when using more than one source of nutrient). Fixed ingredients are: vegetable oil =5%, vitamin premix = 1%, di-calcium phosphate (DCP) = 0.5% and salt = 0.5%. Calculate the amount contributed by each ingredient by weight and protein.

Fish meal 72% CP
Ratio 1
Soybean meal 43%CP Ratio 2
___
3

1x72 = 72
2 x 43 = 86
____
158/3 = 52.67

The target protein in the centre of the square will change due to the addition of the fixed ingredients.
= 100-5.0+1.0+0.5+0.5 = 93
= (30x100)/93 = 32.23
52.67

22.23/42.67 x 93 = 48.45

32.23
10

20.44/42.67 x 93 = 44.55

Protein sources contribution by weight =...