Advanced Anatomy Study Guide

Topics: Bones of the head and neck, Foot, Knee Pages: 65 (14463 words) Published: May 23, 2015
ZOOLOGY 4700
ADVANCED HUMAN ANATOMY

Fall 2015 - Jake Shearer, Jared Porter, Thomas Caussat, Steven Calderwood, Jeffery Gibson

Termini Generales
Medianus:
● Situated at or nearer to the median or ​
midsagittal​
plane.
Cranialis:
● Situated at or nearer to the cranium.
Caudalis:
● Situated at or nearer to the tail.
Rostralis:
● Situated at or nearer to the nose.
Apicalis:
● Situated at or nearer to the apex.
Basalis:
● Situated at or nearer to the base.
Medius:
● Situated at or nearer to the midline.
Axialis:
● Situated at or nearer to an axis.
Volaris:
● Situated at or nearer to the palms.
Regiones et Partes Corporis
Linea mediana anterior/posterior:
● Vertical midline through the anterior or posterior aspect of the trunk. Corresponds to the midsagittal plane.
Linea sternalis:
● An imaginary anterior vertical line passing through the lateral border of the sternum
Linea parasternalis:
● An imaginary anterior vertical line located between the Linea sternalis and the Linea medioclavicularis.
Linea medioclavicularis:
● An imaginary anterior vertical line passing through the midpoint of the clavicle.
Linea mammillaris:
● An imaginary anterior vertical line passing through the nipple. Often the same as Linea medioclavicularis.
Linea scapularis:
● An imaginary posterior vertical line passing through the inferior angle of the scapula.
Linea paravertebralis:

● An imaginary posterior vertical line passing through the ends of the transverse processes. It is only visible on radiographs.
Membri Superioris
Brachium
Sulcus bicipitalis lateralis/medialis ​
10.5,6​
:
● Grooves in the skin found on the medial and lateral aspects of the brachium formed by the biceps brachii muscle. Easily observable when the muscle is contracted.
Cubitus
Fossa cubitalis:​
10.9​

:
● The depression in the skin on the anterior aspect of the cubitus. It is opposing the olecranon.
Membri Inferioris
Coxa
Regio glutealis: ​
10.35​
:
● Region overlying the gluteal muscles
Sulcus glutealis: ​
10.37​
:
● Fold passing over the gluteus maximus muscle that forms the inferior boundary of the buttocks when the hip joint is extended.
Femur
Regio femoralis: ​
10.40​
:
● Region overlying the muscles of the thigh.
Trigonum femorale:​
10.41​

:
● Triangular region bounded by the inguinal ligament, sartorius muscle and gracilis muscle.
Genu
Fossa poplitea: ​
10.46​
:
● The depression in the skin on the posterior aspect of the genu. Pes
Calx or Regio calcanea: ​
10.12.2
● Region comprising the heel of the foot.
Collum
Posterior aspect of neck
Regio cervicalis posterior:​
1:6 39C

● Region on the posterior aspect of the neck inferior to the caput and superior to the dorsum. Also called the nucha.

Anterior aspect of neck
Regio cervicalis anterior:​
1:6 29

● Region on the anterior aspect of the neck inferior to the caput and superior to the pectus. Also called the cervix.
Trigonum submandibulare: ​
1:6 30B
● Triangular region bounded by the mandible and the two bellies of the digastric muscle.
Trigonum caroticum:​
1:6 31B

● Triangular region bounded by the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the posterior belly of the digastric muscle, and the superior belly of the omohyoid muscle.
Regio sternocleidomastoidea:​
1:6 34B

● region overlying the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Fossa supraclavicularis minor:​
1:6 35B

● Small depression in the skin between the sternoclavicular joint and the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Regio cervicalis lateralis:​
1:6 36B

● Triangular region bounded by the clavicle, the anterior border of the trapezius muscle and the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Trigonum omoclaviculare:​
1:6 37B

● Triangular region limited by the clavicle, the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and the omohyoid muscle
Fossa supraclavicularis major:​
1:6 38B

● Depression in the skin overlaying the omoclavicular triangle. Truncus
Regiones...
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