Preview

Adult Learning Theory

Better Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1341 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Adult Learning Theory
Malory Mallery
March 8th, 2013
INFT 101-B11

Summary More and more adults are returning to school to either further their education or to start fresh in a new course of study. With the challenges of work, kids, home life, and school work; the adult learner has many challenges that they face almost every day. Just as extensive research goes into learning about how children learn, research has also been put in place as to how the adult learns. Both of the articles “Revisiting Adult Learning Theory through the Lens of an Adult Learner” by Londell D. Jackson and “Adult Learning Theory for the Twenty-First Century” by Sharan B. Merriam offer valuable information on the subject of Adult Learning Theories. The first article by Londell D. Jackson comes from his own view of being an adult learner. Here he is learning about the five traditional learning theories he learned about in his Adult Learning and Development class. With each of the five theories of learning: cognitivist, behaviorist, constructivist, social cognitive, and humanist (Jackson, 2009); Londell goes through each of the theories and explains each one. He does this by giving the reader the definition and then gives examples, in-text citations, and personal experiences to help the reader better understand what he is explaining. Out of the five theories, Londell states that the cognitive theory of learning is the theory that “resonates deepest with my educational experiences as an adult learner” (Jackson, 2009, pg. 21).This is because this theory states when the learner finds the material that is taught meaningful, they are then able to relate this material and observe past experiences (Jackson, 2009). Londell closes his writing with stating that he can take what he has learned and hopefully apply it to where he works. The article by Sharan B. Merriam is all about how there is not one constant correct theory about adult learning and that with new research it is proving to be always changing. Within



References: Jackson, L.D. (2009). Revisiting Adult Learning Theory through the Lens of an Adult Learner. Adult Learning, 20(3/4), 20-22. Merriam, S. B. (2008). Adult Learning Theory for the Twenty-first Century. New Directions for Adult & Continuing Education, (119), 93-98.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Through researching this paper I now have a new knowledge of the differences in adult learning versus child learning. In learning Knowles’ and Kolb’s theories and models discussed, I will also have more confidence to understand that as an adult I am well equipped to learn. If I take the time to reflect upon the material I am learning in relationship to the experience I have, this will help me to develop a better need to know and more applicable…

    • 490 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Knowles, M. and Swanson R.A, The Adult Learner: The definitive classic in adult education and human resources…

    • 1821 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    References: Becoming familiar with adult learning theory and the six principles of adult learning. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.qotfc.edu.au/resource/?page=65375…

    • 768 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Zemke, R., & Zemke, S. (1984). 30 things we know for sure about adult learning. Innovation Abstracts. 5(8).…

    • 2802 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Malcom Knowles has introduced the earliest concept of adult learning theory called andragogy in 1968. Contrary with pedagogy, andragory is a method and practices to teach adults learners where learners will have more control over their learning experience. Knowles (1984) also has identified a few principles that contained characteristic of adult learners such as; i) Adults learners have more control over their learning activity, have directions and responsible for their own actions, ii) Adult learners have more life experiences, eager to explore, discover and learn new things in life, iii) Adult learners are groups of matured people and are liable to actively engage in learning process, iv) Problem-centered and interested in instant knowledge…

    • 212 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Best Essays

    Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Learning in Adulthood: A Comprehensive Guide (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.…

    • 2353 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Better Essays

    Vark Learning Assessment

    • 1031 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Dr. Malcom Knowles stated that adult learning is “self centered”. Adult learners are self-directed and learn best when directly involved in the education process as opposed to being subjected to the traditional lecture forum. Adults are motivated to learn when the subject matter is relevant to them and can be applied to personal experiences. When treated as an equal, adult learners are more receptive to their educators (Marcy 2001).…

    • 1031 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    The article goes on to give us a brief history of adult learning theory and how the term andragogy came about. The article tells us that in the 1950’s and 1960’s organizational development teams came up with new models to teach adults. (Kenner, Cari; Wienerman, Jason) There are four principles that characterize adult learners: A. they are self-directed, take responsibility for their own actions, and resist having information arbitrarily imposed on them. B. They have an extensive depth of experience, which serves as a critical component in the foundation of their self-identity. C.They are ready to learn. As most adult learners return to college voluntarily, they are likely to actively engage in the learning process. D. They are task motivated, adult students returning to college attend for a specific goal and the primary component of their motivational drive tends to be internal. (Knowles, 1984)…

    • 1347 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the journal article, “Adult Learning Theory for the Twenty-First Century” by Sharan B. Merriam, she explains that there are always new updates and research on adult learning theories. “Today the historical, sociocultural context of adult learning is recognized as a key component in understanding the nature of adult learning” (Merriam, 2008, p.94). This differs from the early decades where experts only focused on one type of learner. More attention is being placed on exactly how the adult learner learns in society than just as an individual. Adult learning was first thought of as a cognitive process, however currently it is thought of as a much “broader activity involving the body, emotions, and the spirit as well as the mind” (Merriam, 2008, p.98).…

    • 1041 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Annotated Bibliography

    • 695 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Some of your courses at Ashford University will require you to write an annotated bibliography.…

    • 695 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Andragogy was explained in 1920 by Linderman as “the true method of adult learning” (cited by Brookfield, 1987:127). This was to become one of the most important concepts in the field of adult education. There are many assumptions held that state there are specific characteristics of the way in which adults learn and this is said to differ from the way children learn. Knowles (cited by Atherton 2005) suggests there is a specific theory for adult learning and emphasises that adults are self-directed and expect to take responsibilities for their decisions. Jarvis (1987: 185) comments:…

    • 3129 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    One of Andragogy’s five assumptions of adult learning is that adult learners have accumulated a great deal of experience, which is a rich resource for learning. (Kaufman, D. M., 2003)…

    • 395 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There are many learning theories, each of them emphasizing various aspects of the teaching and learning process. I support the claim that adult learning should be looked at as a distinct style of learning and is unique to that of child and adolescence learning. Adults bring their life experiences into the classroom. They bring past knowledge as well as past biases and beliefs. Adult students want to be acknowledged as adults. They need to be actively involved in determining how and what they will learn, and they need active rather than passive learning experiences. Many adults are stressed from their daily lives responsibilities when they arrive for class and need a style of teaching that is creative, alive and humorous to hold their attention.…

    • 709 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    This paper is about adult learning theories. The learning theory andragogy was discussed in detail. Also, the author talked about how people structure their own learning theories. What typical views and reports for adult learning were conversed there were also views and discussions from the view of adult learner. Article stated the pressure and concerns of students who go back to school as an adult years later in comparison to going straight out of high school.…

    • 1224 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    In adult learning, the learner is independent and able to draw on previous experiences. Moreover, the learner can challenge current understandings and ask their own questions. As a result, the learner is active in his or her learning, allowing for greater retention of advanced, complex concepts. My philosophy guides my behavior when it comes to learning by focusing on how the concepts and ideas will apply to my profession or in real-life situations. Furthermore, I will be more driven to learn based on my need to know in order to connect the dots. By connecting the dots, I am draw from my previous experiences to new ideas and am able to see the bigger…

    • 608 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays