Adult Health and Social Care: Brain Injuries

Pages: 6 (1868 words) Published: October 20, 2014
Michael Dodgson NVQ 3 Adult Health and Social Care. Unit 4222.387

1.1 Define Acquired brain injury.

An Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a term that's used to describe an injury to the brain that has happened after birth, it is not possible to be born with an ABI but this can happen during the birthing process as it is not genetic or congenital.

1.2 Describe possible causes of acquired brain jury.

There are various ways that you can get an ABI, such as traumatic accidents illness's and infections.

Traumatic accidents can include road traffic collisions, physical assaults and falls can cause damage to the brain. For example, in a road traffic collision the brain moving around in the skull can cause damage to certain parts of the brain which results in an acquired brain injury.

1.3 Explain the difference between a traumatic brain injury and other forms of acquired brain injury.

A traumatic brain injury usually occurs during a road traffic accident, assault, surgery or an accident that involves a head injury. A traumatic brain injury usually occurs during a road traffic accident, assault, surgery or an accident that involves a head injury.

None-traumatic brain injuries occur when an individual has a stroke or an aneurysm, or infections such as meningitis and encephalitis (Swelling of the brain)

1.4 Describe brain injuries that are mild, moderate, severe.

Mild - Even though they are classed as Mild brain injuries to the individual who has the brain injury it will not feel mild. Normally individuals who get a mild brain injury often make a full recovery within a few days.

Moderate - Moderate brain injuries are normally come with enhanced psychological effects such as depression and emotional and behaviour problems, processes such as thinking and organising and memory will be affected, these are normally associated with headaches or fatigue. individuals normally make a full recovery within several weeks.

Severe - Individuals who acquire a severe brain injury are likely to spend an amount of time in hospital to help with the recovery process and go through rehabilitation programmes to help them learn basic skills again, very few individuals who have severe brain injuries make a full recovery.

2.1 Discuss initial effects of Acquired Brain Injury on the individual.

After any form of brain injury the brain function can be temporarily impaired and can be referred to as concussion. These can lead to difficulties like headaches depression and memory loss, also the individual may lose consciousness this is also known as a coma. Coma can last for any length of time from minutes to several weeks and more. Recovering from a coma is a slow process. The Glasgow Coma Sclae is a technique that is used to measure severity of comas.

2.2 Explain the long term effects of Acquired Brain injury to include Physical/Functional/Cognitive/Behavioural effects.

There are different things that are effected by the Physical effects of an ABI such as

1. Fatigue
2. Sensory impairment
3. Mobility
4. Speech problems
5. Epilepsy
6. Spasticity
7. Weakness and paralysis
8. Ataxia
9. Hormonal imbalances

There are different thigns that are effected by the Congnitive effects of an ABI such as

1. Problems with memory loss
2. Reduces initiation or problems with motivation
3. Reduced concentration span
4. Reduced speed of information processing
5. Difficulty solving problems
6. Repetition or preservation
7. Impaired reasoning
8. Impairment of judgement
9. Lack of insight
10. Language Loss
11. Visual impairment

The effects of an ABI for Behavioural effects are

1. Loss of confidence
2. Mood Swings
3. Depression
4. Anxiety
5. Disinhibition
6. Obsessive behaviour

The Functional effects are

1. Inhibitions
2. Task switching
3. Memory
4. Attention
5. Sequencing
6. Motivation

2.3 Explain the concepts of loss in relation to Acquired Brain Injury for individuals and...
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