Adult Health and Social Care: Brain Injuries

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Michael Dodgson NVQ 3 Adult Health and Social Care. Unit 4222.387

1.1 Define Acquired brain injury.

An Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a term that's used to describe an injury to the brain that has happened after birth, it is not possible to be born with an ABI but this can happen during the birthing process as it is not genetic or congenital.

1.2 Describe possible causes of acquired brain jury.

There are various ways that you can get an ABI, such as traumatic accidents illness's and infections.

Traumatic accidents can include road traffic collisions, physical assaults and falls can cause damage to the brain. For example, in a road traffic collision the brain moving around in the skull can cause damage to certain parts of the brain which results in an acquired brain injury.

1.3 Explain the difference between a traumatic brain injury and other forms of acquired brain injury.

A traumatic brain injury usually occurs during a road traffic accident, assault, surgery or an accident that involves a head injury. A traumatic brain injury usually occurs during a road traffic accident, assault, surgery or an accident that involves a head injury.

None-traumatic brain injuries occur when an individual has a stroke or an aneurysm, or infections such as meningitis and encephalitis (Swelling of the brain)

1.4 Describe brain injuries that are mild, moderate, severe.

Mild - Even though they are classed as Mild brain injuries to the individual who has the brain injury it will not feel mild. Normally individuals who get a mild brain injury often make a full recovery within a few days.

Moderate - Moderate brain injuries are normally come with enhanced psychological effects such as depression and emotional and behaviour problems, processes such as thinking and organising and memory will be affected, these are normally associated with headaches or fatigue. individuals normally make a full recovery within several weeks.

Severe - Individuals who

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