Adult Education Essay 4

Topics: Educational psychology, Learning, Education Pages: 15 (4542 words) Published: December 23, 2010
Adult Education


Adult education is an exciting challenge for the author of this assignment and would be ideal to help explore ways of structuring training and help prepare him to discover best practice to assist in his future role as a GP trainer.

The first part of this essay looks into the ways and methods of managing education while the second part looks into the planning for all stages of learning for a specific topic.

Learner Selected
The learner selected by the author is a Specialist Trainee in General Practice which would be termed as a ST trainee in this essay. This is a medically qualified individual who has had significant medical training and has few years left before qualifying has a general practitioner.

The ST trainee (learner) is placed in a learning environment which would facilitate the acquisition of knowledge skills and attitude which would prepare him or her to practice independently. To achieve this education has to be managed appropriately to ensure appropriate use of resources to achieve the best outcomes.

The ST trainee could have a varied background social and economic, varying personality, learning styles and attitude might have different training and skills based on pervious work experience in hospital medicine and might have specific disabilities that would need to be considered when looking at managing their education. So flexibility and adapting the learning environment to suit the trainee is important.

Management is defined as sum total of actions which involves getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives. Management comprises planning, organiszing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal.

Bolam (1999 page 194) defined educational management as ‘an executive function for carrying out agreed policy’ He differentiates management from educational leadership which has as its core the responsibility for policy formulation and where appropriate organizational transformation (page 194). Sapre (2002, p102) states that ‘Management is a set of activities directed towards efficient and effective utilization of organizational resource to achieve organizational goals’ (all this in Leading and managing people in education By Tony Bush, David Middlewood page 3)

Ways and Methods of Managing Education

Managing education could be achieved by looking at the function requirements for education. According to Bennt et al (1992 p.5) this would include – marketing, finacial, personnel and production. In the case of a ST trainee in a GP practice-

Marketing- The manager could create avenues of marketing the advantages of the ST to the staff and patients- in a sense so that that they are aware of his role and contribution to the practice so that he gets to settle in and feels part of the collective. Financial -He or she could then look at resources available for learning (time, money, training aids, and patient’s experiences and contact) to make sure that they are maximised and are efficient and cause minimal disruption in the practice. There would be need to develop innovative ways of sourcing extra funding to support the training if required Personnel-The manager should also ensure that the right people are the ones actually teaching (fitness to train), that the right processes for learning are instituted, that there is a learning environment at the surgery, that the ST has support at all times and that potential conflicts in personality and learning styles clashes are avoided. It is also important to consider how the different needs the trainee might have might be met by the diversity of strengths in the team structure. For example practice manager for financial topics, GP lead for clinical issues, reception staff for interpersonal skills etc. Production- The ST trainee makes progress...

References: Vella, Jane. (1994)Learning to Listen, Learning to Teach: The Power of Dialogue in Educating Adults San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc.
SCHÖN D A (1983) The Reflective Practitioner: how professionals think in action London: Temple Smith
Knowles, Malcolm. (1980). The Modern Practice of Adult Education: From Pedagogy to Andragogy. New Jersey: Cambridge/Prentice Hall Regents.
Cruikshank, Donald R., Deborah L. Bainer, Kim K. Metcalf. (1995). The Act of Teaching. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
Kerka, Sandra, Adult Learner Retention Revisited. ERIC:, 1995.
Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind and society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Turoczy, Cheryl, Question Well to Teach Well. Adult Learning, Vol.8, #5 & 6, p.22.
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