Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria where he grew up dreaming that he would one day be an artist. This dream was quickly brought to a halt when he showed insufficient artistic skill and was denied acceptance to an art academy in Vienna. After his dreams of being an artist died down he spent much of his time doing small jobs and realized that his true interest was politics. In 1914, after discovering his interest in politics, Hitler joined the German Army. He found a lot of success in the military and he was awarded the iron cross for bravery because of his success as a message carrier. Hitler’s perspective on his military career took a negative turn after Germany was defeated in World War One. He believed that Germany was defeated because of the socialist and the Jews, and had the radical idea that these groups had surrendered the nation.
After Germany was defeated Hitler took control of the German Workers Party in 1920. He changed the group’s name to the National Socialist German Workers Party, but it was often times referred to as the Nazi party for short. A few years after taking control of the Nazi party he and World War One hero General Ludendorff tried to lead their own revolution on November 9, 1923, that they called the Beer Halt Putsch. Hitler stood up on a table in a beer hall and announced that the Weimar government had been overthrown. All of their supports followed them into the streets, but their glory was short lived and both of them were arrested. Hitler spent the next two years in prison. During those two years he wrote his book Mein Kampft, which means My Struggle, and in this book he expressed many ideas about Aryan superiority over the Jewish community, as well as many ideas concerning his future policies.
After Hitler was released from jail in 1925 he worked towards the advancement of the Nazi party. The government and the economy at this time were fairly stable so advancement was slow moving until around 1929. Soon the unemployment rates started to rise and the world was moving into a fairly depressed state. The Nazi party started to rise in popularity because it promised job opportunities and it expressed a great deal of pride in the nation. By 1932, the Nazi party occupied 230 seats in the German Reichstag. All things considered the amount of instability still continued to rise. President Ron von Hindenburg was desperate for a solution and Hitler was his answer. Hitler was appointed by the president to be the chancellor. Hitler went right to work once receiving his position and issued as statement saying that public meetings, political uniforms, and publishing dissenting opinions are all prohibited.
In 1933, the Reichstag building burned down. A young mentally disabled boy was charged with the burning of the building after claiming that he worked with the communists. It is believed that that Nazis were actually responsible for the incident but there is no solid evidence to support that. Hitler used this event as a way to gain more control. He soon convinced Hindenburg the rights of all the citizens and he also made a decree saying that any state government could be removed from power by the central government if they failed to maintain order. This decree is how Hitler slowly but systematically took control of all of Germany. He used his power in the central government to remove small state governments, and he used his own personal Army to deter opposing political figures. Hitler was still unable to gain a two thirds vote from the citizens and soon he teamed up with the Nationalist party and made communism illegal which gave him the boost in votes that he needed.
On March 23, 1933 the Reichstag passes a law called the Enabling Act which gave Hitler even more power. This act allowed Hitler to make decrees concerning laws and elections. Soon Hindenburg died in 1934 and Hitler used his new power to turn the positions of chancellor and president into one position....
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