Adolescent Std's

Topics: Sexually transmitted disease, Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse Pages: 5 (1722 words) Published: August 4, 2013
Sexually Transmitted Diseases are infections that are passed during sexual intercourse with a person of the same sex and or of the opposite sex (Crooks et al., 2011). For most with this infection they do not know that they may have them and unknowingly pass them on to their partners other factors could be risky sexual behavior such as having several sexual partners. The lack of proper resources or limited family planning clinics adds to the reason these disease continue to get passed from person to person (Crooks Parents could your teen have a Sexually Transmitted Disease and not know it? Well in well in fact this could be true. The Center for Disease Control estimates that adolescents ages 15-24 account for over half of all new cases in the United States each year. While this may account for25% of the sexually active population it is still a concerning number. Research shows that Adolescents in this age group are at higher risk for acquiring STD’s because of lack of education, concerns with confidentiality, and lack of transportation ( Weinstock et al., 2000). This number could be lower with proper education and parental intervention. This paper will explore the various STD’s how they are transmitted and how to treat them. Through statistical data we will see which STD’s continue to be on the rise in the United States amongst Adolescents.

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. This can be transmitted by vaginal, oral and anal sex. It may also infect a newborn of an infected mother.(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines 2010). Each year the rate at which adolescents become infected with chlamydia continues to increase making chlamydia one of the most common STD'S in the United States (M.G. Wilson "Sexually transmitted diseases".,2003). In 2009–2010, rates increased 2.8% for those aged 15–19 years of age Among African American adolescents the rate was eight times higher than European adolescents and 25% higher in females than in males (Weinstock et al., 2000) .Even though symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild or absent, serious complications that can cause irreversible damage, including Pelvic Inflammatory Disease before a woman ever knows she may have a problem. If symptoms should begin they will normally begin within one to three weeks after becoming infected (SD Data et al. Gonorrhea and chlamydia in the United States among persons 14 to 39 years of age, 1999). Chlamydia is a treatable infection it is treated with antibiotics given orally with azithromycin given in one dose or doxycycline for 7 days. Both sexual partners must be treated to prevent re-infection. It is also recommended that re-testing be completed within three months to ensure that both partners are no longer infected (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Condoms are the best defense against this infection and abstinence is also a great way to protect yourself until you are in a monogamous relationship. Another infection in close relation to or can have the same symptoms as chlamydia is Gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is a bacterium that can grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,2012). This bacteria can also harvest itself in the reproductive tract of women and in the urethra of both women and men it is transmitted through sexual contact though the vagina, anus, and mouth. This may also be passed to an infant born to an infected mother (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,2012). In 2009-2010 the rate of Gonorrhea infection increased 1.4% amongst adolescents 15 – 19 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,2012). The rate of infection was highest among African American females age 15-19 which was 20.5 times higher than European Americans (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,2012). Between adolescent boys and adolescent girls adolescent boys 15-19 had the second highest...

References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012 National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of STD Prevention.
Crooks, Robert & Baur, Karla, 2011, Our Sexuality, 11th ed. Wadsworth Cengage Learning
Di Clemente RJ, Salazar LF, Crosby RA. A review of STD/ HIV preventive interventions for adolescents: sustaining effects using an ecological approach. J. Pediatr. Psychol. 2007;32 (8): 888-906.
Prejean J, Song R, Hernandez A, Ziebell R, Green T, et al. (2011) Estimated HIV Incidence in the United States, 2006-2009. PLoS ONE 6(8): e17502. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017502.
SD Datta et al. Gonorrhea and chlamydia in the United States among persons 14 to 39 years of age, 1999 to 2002. Ann Intern Med. 2007:147:89-96
Weinstock H, Berman S, Cates W. Sexually transmitted disease among American youth: Incidence and prevalence estimates, 2000. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2004; 36: 6-10.
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