Adolescent Depression: Why there are more female adolescents diagnosed with clinical depression?

Topics: Major depressive disorder, Gender, Suicide Pages: 11 (3303 words) Published: November 10, 2013


Adolescent Depression: Why there are more female adolescents diagnosed with clinical depression? The Rev. Bruce E. Johnson
Liberty University Online

Author Notes
Rev. Johnson is an institutional chaplain serving under the endorsement of The Vineyard USA. He received his Masters in Divinity degree from Asbury Theological Seminary in 2004. Rev. Johnson also has training in Rural Pastoral Care, Pastoral Crisis Intervention, and in Human Empowerment and Leadership Principles (H.E.L.P.). For nine years, he served as a United Methodist Local Pastor in both the West Ohio and Western North Carolina Annual Conferences of the United Methodist Church. More recently, Rev. Johnson served as a Chaplain Resident for the Johnson City Medical Center in Johnson City, Tennessee. As a chaplain, Rev. Johnson specialized in cardiology, medical ethics, and behavioral health. During his time at the Johnson City Medical Center, Rev. Johnson worked with adolescents and adults at Woodridge Hospital, the behavioral health hospital affiliated with the Johnson City Medical Center. Contact: bjohnson418@liberty.edu

Abstract
One of the new areas of discussion within psychology and behavioral health deals with the adolescent population. This issue is depression. Although depression is more common among young adults, recent years have shown a large increase in the number of adolescents who are being admitted and diagnosed with depressive disorders. One interesting discovery; which has come out of some research and is also a topic of much discussion within the psychological communities, is that the increase is greater among female adolescents than their male counterparts. While this is a new area of concern, this topic is addressed by Feldman (2011) who points out that “As is the case among adults, adolescent girls, on average, experience depression more often than boys”. This premise is echoed by Hays and Erford (2014) who stress that “by the time these same girls become adolescents, the incidence of depression for this group begins to spike, and the gender differences in depression first become apparent”. Current research demonstrates that examining gender, relationship, culture and society, and family systems is necessary for a counselor to effectively counsel adolescent females who appear to suffer from depression. Through the use of current research and observations from this past year working with adolescents within a behavioral health hospital, this paper will examine why adolescent females are more likely to be diagnosed with clinical depression and provide much needed guidelines for treatment.

Keywords: adolescent, female, depression, relationship, culture, society, family systems, guidelines Adolescent Depression: Why there are more female adolescents diagnosed with clinical depression? Why are there typically more female adolescents than males found within the behavioral healthcare systems across this country? Why are female adolescents more likely than male adolescents to be diagnosed with clinical depression? What are the differences; if any, which demonstrate that depression is more common among females than males within this group? What treatment options are available and best suited for female adolescents? How can health care chaplains provide better care for both the spiritual and psychological needs of these individuals? Scholarly articles on this topic; in conjunction with observations in a clinical setting, demonstrate how serious this issue has become and also provide a foundation to begin providing adequate care for these individuals. It stresses the fact that behavioral healthcare has seen a steady increase in the number of people seeking help; both voluntarily and mandated help. It also shows that with this increase, chaplains have found that they are being called upon for more than just a pastoral presence, but for listening and counseling. This paper examines the issue of female adolescent depression...

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Feldman, R. (2011). Development Across the Life Span (6 ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hays, D. E. (2014). Developming Multicultural Counseling Competence: A Systems Approach (2 ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
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