Adolescent Depression

Topics: Attachment theory, Attachment in adults, Attachment parenting Pages: 9 (2388 words) Published: October 7, 2011
Heading (on all pages): running head plus page number

Adolescent Depression 1


Running head (a shortened version of the title is defined on the title page and used in the heading of your paper.

Adolescent Depression and Attachment
Title of paper

Ima G. Student Purdue University

Author’s name(s) Institutional affiliation (your college, university, institution)

Title, name and affiliation are centered. Heading is right justified. Running head is left justified.

Adolescent Depression 2

Adolescent Depression and Attachment Depression affects over 20% of adolescents. It is a disorder that disturbs their mood, causes a loss of interest or pleasure in activities they should enjoy, and makes them irritable. Several things are thought to be correlated with depression in adolescents.

Explains why topic is important

Studies are Some examples include, a failure to individuate, insecure attachments, negative parental listed in alphabetical representations, etc (Milne & Lancaster, 2001; Olsson, Nordstrom, Arinell, & Knororder.

ring, 1999). In the present paper, the role of attachment plays in adolescent depression is investigated. It is hypothesized that insecurely attached adolescents, (ambivalent or

Gives reader an idea of what the paper will cover.

This is considered avoidant), will display higher levels of depression related symptoms and behaviors than jargon and needs to be securely attached adolescents. The following five literature review attempt to demon- explained.

strate and support this hypothesis.

Focuses only on reviewing literature that supports hypothesis.

In a research article by Salzman (1996), two specific questions were addressed for guiding the study. First, would the age group (18-21) being investigated correspond in frequency and quality to attachment patterns reported by other researchers? Second, would personality characteristics of secure adolescent attachments correlate with personality characteristics of infant and child studies? The focus of the investigation was on Descriptions of the prior studies should late adolescent female attachment patterns, specifically maternal, using a semi always be in the past tense structured interview. It is hypothesized that secretly attached females will have a because the strong positive identification with their mother, higher self-esteem ratings, and lower study has already ocdepression scores, wile ambivalent and avoidant females will have a more negative curred.

identification with their mother, lower self-esteem ratings, and higher depressions scores. The sample consisted originally of 1001 random psychology students at a college, but through screening procedures and the importance to have approximately equal numbers in all categories of attachment, it was reduced to 28 who were used in the study.

Notice that not a lot of detail is given about how the study was conducted. Instead, the description focuses on the rationale behind the study.

Adolescent Depression 3

The results in this study supported the hypothesis that relative percentages of the attachments (secure, ambivalent, avoidant) would correspond to those reported by infant researchers. The current study percentages were; 73% had a secure attachment, 16% had an ambivalent attachment, and 10% had an avoidant attachment. This has significance when looking a what infant researchers report, which is &0% secure, 20% ambivalent All citations and 10% avoidant (Salzman, 1996). The results also indicated that there was a significome before punctuation cant difference in personality characteristics between the secure and ambivalent groups

. Ambivalently attached females were significantly more depress and reported significantly lower rates of self-esteem than securely attached female adolescents. The avoidant attachment group was in the middle of the secure and ambivalent groups in relation to depression and self-esteem,...

References: All lines Allen, J.P., Hauser, S.T., & Borman-Spurrell, E. (1996). Attachment theory as a after the first framework for understanding sequelae of severe adolescent psychopathology: line of each reference An 11-year follow-up study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, are indented (this is called 254-263 a hanging indent). Milne, L. C. & Lancaster, S. (2001). Predictors of depression in female adoles-
cents. Adolescence, 36, 207-223. Muris, P., Meesters, C., Melick, M., & Zwambag, L. (2001). Self-reported attachment style, attachment quality, and symptoms of anxiety and depression in
Journal title and volume number (or Olsson, G. I., Nordstrom, M., Arinell, H., & Knorring, A. (1999). Adolescent underlined).
young adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 809-818.
depression: Social network and family climate—a case-control study. Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40, 227-237. Salzman, J. P. (1996). Primary attachment in female adolescents: Association with depression, self-esteem, and maternal identification. Psychiatry: Interpersonal & Biological Processes, 59, 20-23.
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