Adolescence and Its Affect on Development
Se’Sees Holmes, Britni Bleeker, Ena Duhon, Jasmine McCoy, and Chevelvia Hernandez PSY/375
Dr. Lane Roos
August 25, 2013
Adolescence and Its Affect on Development
Adolescence is probably the most difficult period in life of every individual because it is a transitional stage between childhood and adulthood. In this period adolescents undergo significant changes in physiological and social aspects. Naturally these changes produce a significant impact on their lifestyle, behavior, psychology, etc. We will explain how this stage affects development and the positive and negative consequences of developmental choices during this time. In addition we will describe changes in peer relationships in middle school and adolescence and well as examine adolescent egocentrism. Finally we will analyze pressures often faced in adolescence, such as peer pressure, substance abuse and use, dating sexuality, and changes within family relationships. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood and Adolescents
During middle childhood, children become physically stronger and can develop coordination compared to when he or she was younger. Also, the children begin to develop stronger cognitive skills and can make their own decisions. “They become more able to think in a purposeful, voluntarily manner, to maintain attention to tasks, and to generally take in, process, remember, and utilize information” (Oswalt, p.1, 2010). When the child starts school, many personalities are combined and the need for social acceptance is tested. At this age, young boys and girls are learning to build self-esteem and social understandings. “The social concerns of school-age children often focus on the communal needs of acceptance by peers and avoidance of rejection” (Blume, p. 1, 2010). Romantic feelings will arise with the opposite genders but not sexualized as with adolescences. However, sometimes the child will want to begin to experiment and get involved with delinquent behaviors toward others. Mostly this is started in the home and acting out from what is happening is a cause for concern with the peers and faculty. Middle childhood can be difficult for some individuals not raised in a loving environment and abandonment will cause stress. Becoming an adolescent is a very big step in a young adult’s life. The challenges of this part of the teen’s life are the wrong circle of friends will lead to rebellion, drugs, and criminal behavior. Also, teen pregnancy is an important factor with the controversy of birth control in schools or the teen being a full-time student while working to help support the family. These two responsibilities will have a profound effect on the life of an adolescent because they involve the teen becoming an adult. Then the difficulty of trying to find one’s place becomes challenging and rejection will sometimes lead to thoughts of suicide. The risks are more dangerous, not being able to find where to fit in will lower the self-esteem and delinquent behaviors can turn toward violence. At this point in the adolescence life, developing strong friendships can help raise self-esteem and change the outcome of negative consequences that will change the life of the teen. Most adolescence will face personal challenges such as experimenting with alcohol, drugs, and sex. There are many advertisements regarding to avoiding the consequences but some of the adolescences will fall into at least two of the categories. Having a strong connection of friends to help deal with the difficulties during adolescence will guarantee a sense of security that will last through the teenage years. Examine Aspects of Adolescent Egocentrism
Adolescence egocentrism children begin to think of their feeling and themselves only (Egocentrism, n.d.). Also, adolescence egocentrism cannot identify another person’s perception and his or her reality is not realistic in anyway....
References: Berger, K.S., (2008). The developing person through the life span (7th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.
Galarza-Garrett, M., Staler, S., Taylor, R., & Wilson, P., (2011). Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development. Retrieved from http://psychological-musings.blogspot.com/2011/02/middle-childhood-and-adolescence.html
Blume, L. B. (2010, July 20). education.com. Retrieved from
Oswalt, A. M. (2010, June 9). Mental Help.net. Retrieved from
Berger, K. S. (2008). The developing person through the life span (7th ed.). New York: Worth
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