Adolescence

Topics: Adolescence, Gender, Gender role Pages: 14 (1026 words) Published: August 14, 2013
Chapter 4 – Adolescence – Psychology I Name ______________________________ Section 1 – Physical and Sexual Development
Adolescence is the transition…

Some define it in psychological terms…

In some societies…

In our own society…

Initiation rites =

The end of adolescence and the beginning of adulthood is often blurry because…

Theories of Adolescence

Stanley G. Hall Theory of Adolescence =

Margaret Mead Theory of Adolescence =

1988 report on adolescence
11 % =

32% =

57%

Robert Havighorst – Developmental challenges of adolescence

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Perhaps the only safe generalization is that adolescent development…

Factors which can affect how an individual handles their adolescence 1.

2.

3.

Physical Development
Puberty =

Average girls begin puberty…

Average boys begin puberty…

Just before puberty children experience a growth spurt =
Female peak =

Male peak =

Menarche =

Spermarche =
Asynchrony =

Because young people are better informed today than in the past…

For both males and females there is a strong correlation…

When asked what they do not like about themselves, most adolescents say…

Youths of both sexes seem to be very sensitive about traits…

Boys who mature early have these advantages…

Some late maturing boys…

Girls who mature early…

Late-maturing girls…

In their late teens females who mature early…

Sexual Development
Attitudes affect…

Around the world…

In general, sexual behavior in the US…

Since 1991, teen birth rate…
Children of teenage moms…

What other factors have affected sexual attitudes?

Abstinence =

Read ‘Early Maturation’ on page 100. Answer the questions

1.

2.

3.

Section 2 – Personal Development

During adolescence, a sense of __________________________ and ______________________________ are

Very important and depend very much on _______________________ .

The change from child to adult involves transitions in many areas, 1. Physical

2.

3.

4.

5.

Formal operations =

Abstract thinking expands the _________________________________________ capabilities.

With the comprehension of the hypothetical comes the ability to 1.

2.

Allows an adolescent to deal with life abstractions such as… 1.

2.

3.

Abstract thinking allows for …

Rationalization =

The rate of mental growth…

The change in thinking patterns is usually accompanied by…

Idealistic =

Messiah complex =

Impatient with…

Unrealistic about…

Dr. David Elkind described these issues due to immaturity and inability to think abstractly. 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Moral Development

According to Kohlberg, many people never get beyond stage…

For those who do, adolescence and young adulthood are…

Stage 5 beliefs…

Stage 6 beliefs…

Not all adolescents display higher levels of moral reasoning, only…

A person’s moral development depends on many factors such as…

Identity Development

Erik Erikson has shown that the establishment of ________________________ is key to adolescence.

Identity crisis =

Factors which contribute to this:
1.

2.

3.

4.

The process is a ______________________ one and full of _________________________________________.

The task of an individual is to become:

Adolescents need to organize…

Role confusion is normal and is represented by…

James Marcia believes the identity crisis arises…

Marcia distinguishes 4 attempts to achieve a sense of identity.

1.

2.

3.

4.

These categories must not be too ______________________ interpreted.

Many psychologists believe that adolescence…

A.C. Peterson argues…

Albert Bandura’s view is that individuals develop by…

Social learning theory =

Margaret Mead stressed the importance of…

Explain why Mead thinks children in nonindustrial societies don’t experience an identity...
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