ADHD Intervention Analysis: Is ADHD Medication Being Overprescribed? Moses Stutzman
Mid-Michigan Community College
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has drastically increased in recent decades. Medication to treat this disorder has become an easy way out is overused. There are many alternatives to the use of medication to treat the symptoms of ADHD (non-medical treatments). This essay reviews the main symptoms of ADHD and the methods that are used to diagnose ADHD. It is also important to understand the various medical and non-medical treatments that are available to the patient with ADHD. This essay will go through these treatments and conduct an in-depth analysis of each one in order to educate the reader and hopefully a parent of an ADHD child. An analysis of the long and short term effects of medication and non-medical treatment will also be performed so that the best possible treatment will be chosen.
ADHD Intervention Analysis: Is ADHD Medication Being Overprescribed? Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), in recent decades, have become the most diagnosed mental/behavioral disorders among children, teenagers, and adults. Most of the increases in ADHD are seen in children. According to Rafalovich (2001), there have been an increasing number of diagnoses of ADHD and about four million children in the United States alone have been diagnosed with ADHD. More diagnosis of this mental/behavioral disorder brings forth different methods of intervention. Pharmaceutical intervention is one of the most common interventions when dealing with ADD and ADHD. Along with an increasing number of diagnoses in ADHD, a soaring number of medications are being prescribed to these patients. Rafalovich (2001) also mentions this increase in prescribed medication and discusses the fact that since 1990 pharmaceutical interventions have gone up by 700 percent which could be considered a massive increase. As it would be in all realms of prescription medication, this increase is reflected as controversial and the notion that there should be more done to prevent such an increase is not an uncommon one. Medical intervention for ADHD has many side effects on the patient to which it is being prescribed. Many are not beneficial to the patient and may in fact limit the ability to truly control the symptoms that ADHD patients endure. It is not solely the medication that has become problematic, however; the significant increase is what is concerning. DuPont (2006) explores this increase in medication which has become an issue. He explains that a long term controversy has been re-highlighted due to the increasing use of medication to remedy mental disorders, such as ADHD, as opposed to non-medicinal treatments including better education and social forbearance of one’s environment. Although an increase in the medical realm of intervention has been frequently observed there are alternative methods of mediation when looking at ADHD. Briefly, interventions such as parent education and psychological analysis and therapy are both common forms of non-medical intervention pertaining to ADHD. The problem is not that these interventions are not being incorporated into these alternative methods; the problem is that these methods of intervention are used exactly as they are being described: as alternatives. Medication to remedy characteristics of ADHD such as inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are overused and worn-out. The use of medication in ADHD could be decreased significantly if finding alternative methods to treat behavioral symptoms became a priority rather than an alternative second choice technique. Effects of ADHD
When one thinks of ADHD, hyper, disruptive, inattentive, class-clown imagery might be something that enters the mind. While these descriptions may be somewhat accurate, ADHD has a bigger effect on a child than allowing them to become a “funny man”. A poor self-image...
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