Addictions

Topics: Addiction, Drug addiction, Heroin Pages: 6 (2157 words) Published: August 18, 2013
Addictions can be something scary for everyone involved. There are several different types of addictions that are dealt with every day in our society. When someone has an addiction to something it not only affects them, but also anyone around them that could be impacted. There are many different treatments depending on the specific addiction. As well, there are many different causes to various addictions. This is an important topic to understand whether you are the one addicted or someone looking in. There are too many addictions that go untreated because of failure to recognize.

The process of addictions can be very confusing. All addictions go through a cycle of relapse and remission. Addictions can be classified as substance addictions or non-substance addictions. The study is investigating the processes of addiction. It is studying the different processes one goes through when suffering with an addiction. The study refers to groups of people who have forgone different treatments. They also look at the results of the different treatments.

An addiction is something that you become physically and mentally dependent on. Your body may or not be able to survive without it. An addiction can be something as common as drugs or alcohol. However, addictions can stretch as far as internet, sex, and social media. Some people may not think that it’s considered an addiction unless it is drugs or alcohol. It can be told otherwise. The most common addictions are to substances.

In 2007 there were an estimated 23.2 million people over age 12, in the United States, needed treatment for some sort of substance abuse. (www.ioam.org) Addictions do not discriminate against age, race or gender. The average estimated age for abusing alcohol is 15 years old. The average age for abusing illicit drugs is 17 years old. It is becoming more common to start trying things at a younger age.

The newest mental health disorder or addiction is the internet. This is becoming a riding problem in the United States. Is this a good thing or a bad thing? In our society today internet is used for almost everything and anything. Some people who have never had a desire or need to learn the internet are being forced by workplaces or life restrictions to learn to use it. This is not necessarily a bad thing if it is being used for the right reasons. How do you know when it becomes an addiction? Some would say when it becomes a need to be on every couple minutes of every day. Your body feels an urge to be on the internet. This no longer becomes a benefit of the internet.

There are several different treatments that can be taken depending on your addiction and the severity of it. If someone is in the early stages of addiction they may be able to stop themselves and go through a few days of withdrawal and then be ok. More extreme cases of addiction would need therapy, intervention, and sometimes drugs. Many times an addiction will go untreated. This could be because the person is in denial or may be does not want help. Sometimes it takes a family member or someone close on the outside to realize the situation and get those help.

An outcome of an addiction depends on the treatment that is sought out. The research shows there are many different treatment options depending on the addiction. Treatments can be psychological treatments or drug treatments. Not all addictions can be treated the same way. Everyone suffering from an addiction has different things going on in their brain. They also have different factors that went into their addiction. A study shows that genetic factors have a big influence on addictions.

Alcohol and nicotine are two of the highest addictions in the world. They both come with several negative health impacts. Smoking causes 435,00 premature deaths in the United States every year, as well as 5 million deaths worldwide every year. (Thome, 2009). Alcohol use is linked to different types of cancer, as well as smoking. Many studies have...

References: www.ioam.org/statistics
Krentzman, A. R. (2013). Review of the application of positive psychology to substance use, addiction, and recovery research. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 27(1), 151-165. doi:10.1037/a0029897
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Sturgess, J. E., George, T. P., Kennedy, J. L., Heinz, A., & Müller, D. J. (2011). Pharmacogenetics of alcohol, nicotine and drug addiction treatments. Addiction Biology, 16(3), 357-376. doi:10.1111/j.1369-1600.2010.00287.x
Smith, D. E. (2012). Editor 's Note: The Process Addictions and the New ASAM Definition of Addiction. Journal Of Psychoactive Drugs, 44(1), 1-4. doi:10.1080/02791072.2012.662105
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Marhe, R., van de Wetering, B. M., Waters, A. J., & Franken, I. A. (2013). Implicit and Explicit Drug-Related Cognitions During Detoxification Treatment Are Associated With Drug Relapse: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. Journal Of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 81(1), 1-12. doi:10.1037/a0030754
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