Addiction essay

Topics: Addiction, Drug addiction, Substance abuse Pages: 6 (2157 words) Published: July 28, 2013
Bilan Barbadaes
COM 156
April 2013

Addiction is something that millions of individuals are suffering from either being a user or a victim to a user of an addiction. Addiction is a wide subject that includes much more than drugs and has various different effects on people. In this paper I intend to ask and answer questions like what is addiction truly. What is the root cause to it? Are there any ways to kicking a habit? There are many books, posts and website regarding such a powerful subject but in all honestly there is no one correct answer as all the information obtained has been very helpful and imperative in its own way. I intend to use data on many medical websites and even use some papers that I am able to find but I intend to show you that addiction is ultimately a choice and a choice can be made to stop or continue. But it is up to a person.

Have you ever wondered what addiction really is or where is comes from? Have you ever thought to yourself how could someone do that to themselves with the knowing of what harm it is doing? Well in this paper I will try my best to answer those questions as you peer into a world that I am oh so familiar with. Addiction is something that is so present in our world today and it affects so many of us. Why not learn more so that we can be educated enough to deal with these situations. Addiction is the continued use of a mood altering substance or behavior despite adverse consequences, or a neurological impairment leading to such behaviors. Addictions can include, but are not limited to, drug abuse, exercise addiction, sexual addiction and gambling. Habits and patterns associated with addiction are typically characterized by immediate gratification (short-term reward), coupled with delayed deleterious effects (long-term costs). Physiological dependence occurs when the body has to adjust to the substance by incorporating the substance into its 'normal' functioning. This state creates the conditions of tolerance and withdrawal. Although drug addiction frequently has adverse medical consequences, it is usually associated with strong social disapproval, and it is sometimes accompanied by the development of physical dependence, these factors do not define addiction nor are they invariably associated with it. Drug addiction is an extreme case of compulsive drug use associated with strong motivational effects of the drug. Initial drug use can be motivated by a number of factors. Curiosity about the drug’s effects, peer pressure, or psychodynamic processes can all provide motivation for experimental or circumstantial drug use. If the drug is taken repeatedly, a period of casual drug use often develops. Further use of the drug associated with more frequent drug administration, the use of higher drug dosages, and/or the use of more effective routes of administration can lead to intensive patterns of drug use. As mentioned above there are many forms of addiction. It doesn’t just stop at recreational drugs such as alcohol, nicotine and caffeine. Although these forms of addiction are legal, they all have serious physical concerns if abused. Alcoholism has both short term and long term effects that may include slurred speech, vomiting, headaches, high blood pressure, liver disease, stroke and other heart related diseases. Nicotine, which is most commonly known for being in cigarettes, has also been known to have very bad consequences. Did you know that more deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined? Can you guess as to what drugs are most commonly used amongst teens and young adults? Marijuana, Inhalants, ecstasy, prescription drugs cocaine and heroin. As you probably noticed I placed them in order or bad to worst. I am sure you have seen these drugs in high schools as they are a very popular...

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2. American Society for Addiction Medicine (2012). Definition of Addiction.
3. Morse RM, Flavin DK (August 1992). "The definition of alcoholism. The Joint Committee of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism". JAMA 268 (8): 1012–4. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03490080086030. PMID 1501306.
4. Marlatt GA, Baer JS, Donovan DM, Kivlahan DR (1988). "Addictive behaviors: etiology and treatment". Annu Rev Psychol 39: 223–52. doi:10.1146/ PMID 3278676.
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Productivity Losses—United States, 2000–2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2008;57(45):1226–8 [accessed 2012 Jan 10].
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