Topics: Addiction, Drug addiction, Alcoholism Pages: 7 (2636 words) Published: October 13, 2013



Addiction knows no prejudice; it does not care what race, religion, sex or orientation. You can be addicted to drugs, gambling, x-box, shopping and eating. Addiction is an illness that requires, for most, professional help and that once you are an addict you are always an addict.

Addiction is everywhere, from celebrity tabloids, to television, and possibly to a family member or close friend. There is alcoholism, drug abuse, and gambling addiction; the effects of such are devastating. The purpose of this paper is to address some of the different forms of addiction and types of addictive behaviors. Addiction is defined as a persistent, compulsive dependence on a behavior or substance. The person requires, craves or needs increasingly more of the substance or behavior to in some ways stay alive, to their thinking. The addict tends to become irritable, aggravated or violent when they are unable to obtain more of what they are addicted to. (Rauh) The word addiction for most people, conjures up pictures of dark alleys, dirty needles and strung out “nobodies”. However reality paints a completely different picture, one of doctors, lawyers, and soccer moms. Addiction is not confined to just illegal drugs and alcohol. People can become addicted to gambling, shopping, eating, working, video games and sleep to name just a few. Addiction comes in many shapes and sizes. Addiction shows no discrimination or preference, doesn’t care about race, class, or age. It knows no gender or sexual preference. It does not care if you are white, black, or purple with green dots. Most addictions have the same effects on those who are close the addict. The signs of addiction vary depending on the addiction, the person and the circumstances. A person who is wealthy will normally not have to steal in order to support their habit, whereas someone who is poor may resort to stealing. A doctor with a prescription addiction will have a much easier time obtaining what they crave where a person who is not a doctor may have to doctor shop, or buy from off the street. An addiction that could be considered a relatively new phenomenon is video game addiction. Video addiction can hinder the emotional and social development of children and can endanger the jobs and relationships for adults. (Rauh) It is thought that people who become addicted to gaming are like other addicts, running from reality. A child may be trying to live an alternate life where they are not made fun of, whereas and adult may be trying to feel as if they are more popular or important then they feel they are in their nongaming life. (Rauh) Alternate reality games tend to be the most addictive to these people because they have the ability to create the person that they wish that they could be. People are considered addicted to video games if they play more than five hours a day every day, if they avoid social interactions to play. The treatment for video game addiction is pretty much the same as it is for other addictions except for one main and critical difference. Since computers are such an important part of everyday life now the person has to learn to live with a tool of their addiction. (Rauh)That could possible make the treatment for video gamers a bit harder, since they will have to face their main source of their addiction, daily.

It is thought that obsessive video gamily playing activates that same pathways in the brain as addiction to cocaine or alcohol would. That the video game addicts releases dopamine in the reward pathways of the brain. (Batts, 2007) Omniomania or compulsive shopping is thought to be the most socially reinforced of all the behavioral addictions. Shopping addiction usually occurs along with another disorder such as mood disorders, anxiety or personality disorders, substance abuse and even eating disorders. (Hartney, 2009) People who suffer from omniomania use shopping to...

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