Ada Bshs 422
October 29, 2012
Critique of ADA and Affirmative Action The American Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed in 1990 by President George Bush. His intended purpose was to protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination and promote equality in the workplace. Disability is referred to as having physical or mental impairments which limits the way a person functions daily. Fighting to stop discrimination was a tough obstacle until the ADA was enacted. This law brought many changes which prevent discrimination against individuals based on disability, race, sex, and age. The affirmative Action and The Americans with Disabilities Act were created to bring equal or fair opportunities to people within a community. In addition, these laws provide protection for veterans with disabilities by protecting their legal or civil rights. This act accommodates people with disabilities in many ways because most businesses have installed rails, wheelchair ramps, and bathrooms with special accommodations. The equal opportunity (EEOC) created laws that gives clients better access to jobs, promotions, and other benefits within organization. The affirmative action was designed by President Kennedy in 1961. President Kennedy had a plan to ensure individuals stay employed and while employed is treated fair. The affirmative action plan took effect in 1961, and designed for minority groups who has been discriminated against in past. The focus is to create a better environment for minorities through education, healthcare, and employment. The plan required most businesses and colleges to accept the most qualified person without looking at physical features. Employers have a responsibility to open employment to all individuals able to perform the job. Sometimes employers have to meet a quota to comply with regulations and limits hiring the highest qualified candidates. The ADA has five titles that are listed in categories.
References: Atkinson, D. (2004). Counseling American Minorities, Sixth Edition. The McGraw Hill Company. U.S. Department of Labor. (2002). Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP): Facts on Executive Order 11246 Affirmative Action. Retrieved from http://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/aa.htm U.S. Equal Employment opportunity Commission. (2012). Retrieved at http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/publications/ada_veterans_employers.cfm