HIS 111 World Civilizations I
Activity 1 - Mesopotamia vs. Egypt
Name: Mabry Harrison
Directions: After having viewed the videos provided in the course, respond to the following questions. Place your responses on this document under each question. Be sure to keep my questions on here. Your responses should include whole sentences with proper grammar and punctuation.
1a. Along which rivers did the Mesopotamian civilization develop? What modern-day country exists at this geographic location? Mesopotamian civilization developed along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Iraq is the modern day country that exists is this geographical location.
1b. Along which rivers did the Egyptian civilization develop? This river has an unusual characteristic. What is it? Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile river which flowed from South to North.
2a. How did the people of Sumerian and people of Mesopotamia irrigate their fields? Sumerians dug ditches and brought river water to their dry land.
2b. How did the Egyptians irrigate their land?
Flooding of the Nile brought rich fertile soil for the Egyptian’s.
3a. What structure was at the center of a Sumerian city-state? What did they call this structure? What do you think this tell us about their culture? A temple was at the center of Sumerian city-sates. They called the temples Ziggurats. Having a temple in the center of all city-states tells us that this civilization was very religiously centered.
3b. What important structures characterized Egyptian civilization? What was their purpose? What do you think this tells us about their culture? Pyramids characterized Egyptian civilization, they were burial tombs believed to help the pharaoh achieve eternal life after death. This tells us that the Egyptians too were very religious.
4a. The Mesopotamian civilization was organized into independent city-states. Find a definition of city-state and then explain what it is in your own...
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