Activity and Exercise

Topics: Exercise, Physical exercise, Strength training, Muscle, Stretching, Exercise physiology / Pages: 20 (4796 words) / Published: Apr 16th, 2013
Chapter 38: Activity and Exercise!
Test Bank!

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MULTIPLE CHOICE!
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1.!
The coordinated efforts of the musculoskeletal and nervous system maintain balance, posture, and body alignment. Body alignment refers to!
!

a.!

A low center of gravity balanced over a wide base of support.!
b.!

The result of weight, center of gravity, and balance.!
c.!

The relationship of one body part to another.!
d.!

The force that occurs in a direction to oppose movement.!

!
!!
ANS:

C!

Body alignment refers to the relationship of one body part to another body part along a horizontal or vertical line. Body balance occurs when a relatively low center of gravity is balanced over a wide, stable base of support. Coordinated body movement is a result of weight, center of gravity, and balance. Friction is a force that occurs in a direction to oppose movement.!

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DIF:

Remember!
REF:! 746-747!
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OBJ:! Describe the role of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems in the regulation of movement.! TOP:! Assessment!
MSC:! Teaching/Learning!
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!
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2.!

A structural curvature of the spine associated with vertebral rotation is

known as!
a.!

Scoliosis.!
b.!

Osteogenesis.!
c.!

Osteomalacia.!
d.!

Arthritis.!

!
!!
ANS:

A!

Scoliosis is a structural curvature of the spine associated with vertebral rotation.
Osteogenesis imperfecta is an inherited disorder that makes bones porous, short, bowed, and deformed. Osteomalacia is an uncommon metabolic disease characterized by inadequate and delayed mineralization, resulting in compact and spongy bone. Arthritis is

an inflammatory joint disease characterized by inflammation or destruction of the synovial membrane and articular cartilage, and by systemic signs of inflammation.!

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DIF:

Remember!
REF:! 749! !
OBJ:! Discuss physiological and pathological influences on body alignment and joint mobility.!
TOP:! Assessment!
MSC:! Teaching/Learning!
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