Article name and page number: Acting As If You Are Hypnotized 56-64
Please answer each of the following items in detail.
1. Describe the purpose of the study. (2 pts)
The article was not so much a study as it is a collection of summarazations of studies, 16 by Spano’s to be exact. In this article he meant to show that hypnotism was more about how people come to believe in hypnotism due to the ritual aspect of it. People will behave how they are expected to behave under the influence of “hypnosis”
2. Discuss the research methods used and how the study was conducted. (10 pts)
Again since it is a collection of summaries of research it’s a bit hard to pin down the actual method used in this article. Spano’s in one experiment hyptonized a group of people and told one group your arm is very light and is rising. Spanos told the other group to just simply raise your arm. He then asked them whether they thought their actions were voluntary or involuntary. The people in the “your arm is light” group said more often than the other group that their behavior was involuntary. Many studies are are included so the hypothesis seems to be proven.
3. Describe the subject in detail (demographics, how they were chosen, etc...). (5 pts)
The article in our book doesn’t say but after some individual research it seems in all of his studies the populations for his experiements were chosen from a wide sample of men and women of different backgrounds and ages.
4. Identify and describe the independent and dependent variables if the study was an experiment. If the study was not an experiment, just describe the variables they were studying. Provide operational definitions for the variables. (5 pts)
Independent variable: different ways of suggesting the same thing while the person is under hypnosis. Dependent variable: The persons behavior while under hypnosis
5. Provide a detailed summary and analysis of the results. (10