Achievements of Minority Ethnic Groups

Topics: Minority group, United Kingdom, School Pages: 27 (8469 words) Published: June 24, 2013
EDUMO 79 EDUCATION AND RACE EQUALITY

MULTICULTURAL/ANTI-RACIST EDUCATION AND RACE EQUALITY TEACHING IN NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

PREPARED FOR PROFESSOR DAVE HILL
BY SHAZIA NAWAZ
STUDENT NUMBER 92003003
CO NTACT NUMBER 07834678043

CONTENTS

IMMIGRATION INTO BRITAIN

PERSPECTIVES ON ‘RACE’, RACISM AND MUTICULTURAL EDUCATION IN BRITAIN

DEVELOPMENT OF MULTICULTURAL/ANTIRACIST EDUCATION

TODAY’S RACE EQUALITY TEACHING

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFRENCES

APPENDICES

In this assignment, I will examine various perspectives on ‘race’, racism, cultural pluralism, and integration in Britain, and some related analyses of and comments on ‘multi-cultural’ education in Britain. First, I will do literature review to find out what racism means to different commentators the reasons, why we needed a ‘race equality team’ within the local education authorities, and then I will be focusing on multicultural education in Northamptonshire and its effectiveness (please see appendices 3, 4, 5 & 6).

IMMIGRATION INTO BRITAIN

Post-war global migration brought many demographic, social and cultural changes to many Western countries, particularly to Britain. Many people came to Britain from the New Common Wealth countries, e.g. The Caribbean, Africa, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and the South East Asia. Multiculturalism, was not a new concept to Britain, throughout most of its history, diverse cultures had been present. The indigenous population were Celts but they were soon joined by Romans, Danes, Norse, Angles and Saxons. Romans colonised Britain in the third century and Normans invaded in 1066. The Jewish community arrived soon after but were expelled in 1290 and then allowed to resettle in 1656. The gypsies arrived in the 16th century followed by Africans as part of the slave trade. Between 1953 and 1963, Britain was experiencing an almost unprecedented economic boom. Without that economic expansion there would, of course, have been no mass immigration; nor would there have been much economic expansion without that level of immigration. More recently, more immigrants are coming from Eastern European Countries, plus refugees and asylum seekers from different war zones; however, Britain is not a plural society yet (Singh, 1993).

PERSPECTIVES ON ‘RACE’, RACISM AND MUTICULTURAL EDUCATION IN BRITAIN

The concept of racism is complex one and requires careful examination and analyses, which are beyond the scope of this assignment, however, following, are the views of some commentators. It seems that, in 21st century, Britain has become the hotbed of racial tension as Trevor Phillip (the chairman of the commission of racial equality) commented (2005), that, Britain may be ‘sleepwalking to segregation’, warning of the dangers of perceived increases in racial polarisation’. Recent race riots in Birmingham, Oldham and Bradford shows a physical tension between different ethnic groups. Events like July (2005) and June (2007) bombing, have created more problems and discrimination for Muslims, particularly for Pakistani decedents, as they are thought to be ‘the terrorist’.

Singh (1993) argues race is a biological term to describe physical traits of people, dividing them in three categories: Caucasian, Negroid and Mongoloid. Whereas, Rogers (1986) shares the same that the idea of race as a social construct is dependent on the attachment of “human meaning making” to ideas and ideologies that transform them from mere skeletons to palpable cultures that breathe and discriminate.

In Britain, the dividing line of race has always been colour and perceived biological differences, as Coard (1971) showed how the content of education ignored Black pupils. The pupils, who are acclaimed, are tend to be White, whilst black culture, music and art are largely ignored. He claims that British Education system making the black children...

References: British Broadcasting Corporation, (1981) Multi-cultural Education. Building Bridges: multilingual resources for children published by The University of Reading (1995).
Cecil Wright, C. (1995) Multicultural Teaching in autumn 1985
Cole, Hill, Shan (1997) Introduction to Education: Promoting Equality Primary in Primary School
Epstein, D. Sealey, A. (1990) “Where it really matters…”: developing anti-racist education in predominantly white primary schools. Birmingham: Development Education Centre.
Gaine, C. (1995) No Problem Here. London: Trentham Books Limited.
Gilroy, P. (2002) There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation. London: Routledge.
Gordon and Newham (1993) Runnymede Trust’s Different Worlds: Racism and discrimination in Britain. London: Trentham Books Limited
Haralambos, M
Hessari, R. and Hill, D. (1991) Practical Ideas for Multicultural Learning and Teaching in the Primary Classroom. London: Routledge
Hicks, D
Hill, D. and Cole, M. (2001) SCHOOLING and Equality: fact, concept and policy. London: Kogan Page Limited.
Jeffcoate, R. (1984) Ethnic Minorities And Education. London: Harper & Row, Publishers
Klein, G
Modgil et al (1996) Multicultural Education: The Interminable Debate. London: The Falmer Press
Nehaul, K
Parker-Jenkins, M. (1995) Children of Islam: A Teacher’s Guide to Meeting The Needs Of Muslim Pupils. Staffordshire: Trentham Books
Richardson, R
Richardson, R. and Wood, A. (2000) Inclusive Schools, Inclusive Society: race and identity on the agenda. London: Trentham Books Limited.
Richardson, R. and Miles, B. (2003) equality STORIES recognition, respect and raising achievement. Staffordshire: Trentham Books
Shain, F
Singh, G. (1993) Equality And Education. Derby: Albrighton Publications.
The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain: The Parekh Report (2000). London: The Runnymede Trust.
Todd, Roy. (1991) Education in a Multicultural Society. London: Cassell Educational Limited.
Willey, R. (1984) Race, Equality and Schools. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
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