Accuracy and Weaknesses of Human Senses

Topics: AIDS, HIV, Sexual intercourse Pages: 5 (1191 words) Published: February 24, 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATIONii
DEDICATIONiii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSiv
LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………………………….ix LIST OF FIGURES…………………………………………………………………..x ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMSxii
ABSTRACT…………………………………………………………………………..xv CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION1
1.1Background Information1
1.2Statement of the Problem4

1.3Hypotheses5
1.4Research Questions5
1.5Objectives of the Study6
1.5.1General Objective6
1.5.2Specific Objectives:6
1.6Justification7
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW10
2.1The Global HIV and AIDS Situation10
2.1.1The African HIV and AIDS Situation12
2.1.2High Risk Groups13
2.1.3Epidemiological Classification of HIV Infection Trends14 2.1.4The Difference in Risk Factors to HIV Infection between Military and Civilian Populations15 2.1.5Factors in the Military Environment that Raises the Risk of HIV Infection15 2.1.6Opportunities for Engaging in Risky Behaviour17

2.1.7The Risk-Taking Ethos and other Attitudinal Factors17 2.1.8Separation from Accustomed Community18
2.2Impact of HIV Infections in the Military19
2.2.1Effects on Military Preparedness19
2.2.2Impact on Infected Individuals and Families19
2.2.3Risk of Transmission to Civilian Populations20
2.3HIV Prevention and Control in Kenya20
2.4Voluntary HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC)22
2.4.1Definition22
2.4.2Principles of HTC22
2.4.3Types of HIV Testing and Counselling24
2.5VCT Services in the Kenya Military25
2.5.1VCT Approaches/models27
2.5.2Present VCT models27
2.6Introduction to Counselling Theories30
2.6.1Humanistic Theories of Counselling31
2.6.2Criticism of Humanistic Psychology33
2.6.3Psychoanalytic Theories34
2.6.4Criticism of Psychoanalytic Theories35
2.6.5Cognitive Behavioural theories35
2.6.6Theories and Models in Behaviour Change in HIV and AIDS Prevention36 2.6.7The Transtheoretical Model (TTM)39
2.6.8The Stages of Change39
2.6.9Prochaska's Model40
2.6.10Assumptions of TTM41
2.7Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT)41
2.7.1Breast Milk and Mother to Child Transmission42
2.8HIV and Sexual Behaviour Trends among Young People43
2.9Policy Development and HIV and AIDS Prevention43
2.10The Kenyan Military HIV and AIDS Policy45
2.10.1Recruitment45
2.10.2HIV Testing during Active Duty46
2.10.3Mandatory HIV Testing during Active Duty46
2.11 Theoretical Framework47
2.12Behaviour Change Interventions47
2.12.1HTC Services as a Strategy for Behaviour Change48
2.12.2Safer Goal Behaviour50
2.13Evaluating HIV and AIDS prevention and Control Programmes51 2.13.1Prevention Indicators52
2.13.2Gender and Sexuality52
2.14Successful HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Programme: An Experience of the Royal Thai Army (RTA) 53 2.15Conceptual Framework57
CHAPTER 3: MATERIALS AND METHODS58
3.1Introduction58
3.2The Study Area58
3.3Study Design59
3.4Variables60
3.4.1Independent Variables60
3.4.2Dependent Variables60
3.5The Study Population60
3.6Inclusion Criteria61
3.7Exclusion Criteria61
3.8Sampling Techniques and Sample Size Determination61
3.8.1Sample Size Determination61
3.8.2Sampling Technique62
3.8.3Data Collection Procedures62
3.9Research Instruments63
3.9.1Questionnaires63
3.9.2Focus Group Discussions63
3.9.3Interviews63
3.10Construction of Research Instruments64
3.11Pilot Study64
3.11.1Validity64
3.11.2Reliability65
3.12Data Management and Analysis65
3.12.1Quantitative Data66
3.12.2Qualitative Data66
3.13Ethical Considerations66
CHAPTER 4: RESULTS68
4.1Introduction68
4.2Socio- Demographic Characteristics of the Study Population68 4.2.1 Gender of the Respondents68
4.2.2 Ages and Education Level of the Respondents68
4.2.3 Marital Status68
4.3Levels and Trends of HIV Infection in the Kenyan Military69 4.3.2Percentages of Clients Testing Positive in VCT Sites by Age Group and Gender...

References: 113
7.0 Appendices 119
7.1 Map of Kenya showing the position of the study area (Appendix I) 119
7.2 Topics discussed in focus group discussions and interviews (Appendix II) 120
7.3 Research Instruments Questionnaires (Appendix III) 121
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Human Senses Essay
  • Essay on Human
  • Essay on Human Weaknesses in Hamlet
  • The Auditory Sense Essay
  • Civic sense Essay
  • Senses Research Paper
  • The senses Essay
  • The Five Sense Organs in Human Beings Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free