Accident Detection and Reporting System Using Gps Gprs and Gsm Technology

Topics: Tram accident, Global Positioning System, Accidents Pages: 9 (2796 words) Published: August 21, 2013
International Journal of Reconfigurable and Embedded Systems (IJRES) Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2012, pp. 49~54 ISSN: 2089-4864

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Vehicle Accident Automatic Detection and Remote Alarm Device Varsha Goud*, V.Padmaja** *Department of ECE, VNR VJIET, Hyderabad, AP, INDIA ** Department of ECE, VNR VJIET, Hyderabad, AP, INDIA

Article Info Article history: Received Mar 23, 2012 Revised Jul 2, 2012 Accepted Jul 12, 2012 Keyword: accident automatic detection micro electro mechanical system remote alarm device vehicle

ABSTRACT
The Rapid growth of technology and infrastructure has made our lives easier. The advent of technology has also increased the traffic hazards and the road accident take place frequently which causes huge loss of life and property because of the poor emergency facilities. Our project will provide an optimum solution to this draw back. An accelerometer can be used in a car alarm application so that dangerous driving can be detected. It can be used as a crash or rollover detector of the vehicle during and after a crash. With signals from an accelerometer, a severe accident can be recognized. According to this project when a vehicle meets with an accident immediately Vibration sensor will detect the signal or if a car rolls over, and Micro electro mechanical system (MEMS) sensor will detects the signal and sends it to ARM controller. Microcontroller sends the alert message through the GSM MODEM including the location to police control room or a rescue team. So the police can immediately trace the location through the GPS MODEM, after receiving the information. Then after conforming the location necessary action will be taken. If the person meets with a small accident or if there is no serious threat to anyone`s life, then the alert message can be terminated by the driver by a switch provided in order to avoid wasting the valuable time of the medical rescue team. This paper is useful in detecting the accident precisely by means of both vibration sensor and Micro electro Mechanical system (MEMS) or accelerometer. As there is a scope for improvement and as a future implementation we can add a wireless webcam for capturing the images which will help in providing driver`s assistance.

Copyright © 2012 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. All rights reserved.

Corresponding Author: Varsha Goud,
Department of ECE, VNR VJIET, Hyderabad, AP, INDIA

Email: varsha.goud@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION The high demand of automobiles has also increased the traffic hazards and the road accidents. This is because of the lack of best emergency facilities available in our country. An automatic alarm device for vehicle accidents is introduced in this paper. This design is a system which can detect accidents in significantly less time and sends the basic information to first aid center within a few seconds covering geographical coordinates, the time and angle in which a vehicle accident had occurred. This alert message is sent to the rescue team in a short time, which will help in saving the valuable lives. A Switch is also provided in order to terminate the sending of a message in rare case where there is no casualty, this can save the precious time of the medical rescue team. When the accident occurs the alert message is sent automatically to the rescue team and to the police station. The message is sent through the GSM module and the location of the accident is detected with the help of the GPS module. The accident can be detected precisely with the Journal homepage: http://iaesjournal.com/online/index.php/IJRES

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help of both Micro electro mechanical system (MEMS) sensor and vibration sensor. The Angle of the rolls over of the car can also be known by the message through the MEMS sensor. This application provides the optimum solution to poor emergency facilities provided to the roads accidents in the most feasible way [7].

2. BLOCK DIAGRAM 2.1 Block diagram description From the...

References: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] Yao Jin. The discussion of Road Traffic Safety Countermeasures System[J]. Private Science and Technology, 2010. Wang Wei. Embedded Microcontroller MC9S08AW60 Principles and Application [M]. Beijing: Beijing Aerospace University Press, 2008. Zhu Yi, Yang Shubo. MMA series of acceleration sensor principles and application [J]. Medical equipment, 2008. TAYLORRK, SCHROCKMD, BLOOMFIELDJ, Dynamic testing of GPS receivers [J]. Transactions of the ASAE, 2004,47 (4). SIEMENS, TC35i Hardware Interface Description [M]. April 14,2003 Ma Chao. Embedded GSM message interface hardware and software design [J]. Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, 2003, Wang Wei and Fan Hanbo, Traffic accident automatic detection and remote alarm device, IEEE proc.ICEICE pp910-913, April 2011. Raj Kamal, EMBEDDED SYSTEMS achitecture,programming and design, Second Edition, TATA McGraw-Hill publishing Company Limited, 2008. Steve Furber, ARM SYSTEM-ON-CHIP ARCHITECTURE, SECOND EDITION, Pearson Education Limited, 2000. GSM User Manual, SIMCOM LTD, August 2006. Arm User Manual, Phillips, August 2005. MEMS User Manual, Freescale Semiconductors, 2009. GPS Beginner`s Guide, Garmin LTD, 2008.
Vehicle Accident Automatic Detection and Remote Alarm Device (Varsha Goud)
54 BIOGRAPHY OF AUTHORS
ISSN: 2089-4864
Varsha Goud received the B.Tech. Degree in electronics and Instumentation engineering from Bojji reddy Engineering College for Women, affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad, AP, India, in 2009, is pursuing the M.Tech in Embedded Systems at VNR Vignana Jyothi Institute of Engineering & Technology, Bachpally, Hyderabad, India. Her research interests include Microcontrollers, ARM Programming.
Dr.V.Padmaja born in 1968. She received B.E Degree in Electronics and Communications Engineering, M.E Degree in Digital Systems Engineering from O.U in 1991 and 1999 respectively. She received Ph.D from J.N.T.U in 2009. She is an Professor in Dept. of ECE in VNRVJIET, her research of interest includes image processing and Embedded Systems. She has authored more than 5 Research papers in National and International Conferences and Journals.
IJRES Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2012: 49 – 54
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