Martin Luther King was an African American activist and leader who dedicated his life to fighting for equal rights for coloured people in America. Grown up in a Baptist family, Christianity held a huge fascination for Martin Luther King, which is often reflected in his speeches. In 1964, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his achievements in the struggle for equality and independence for coloured people. When receiving the award, Martin Luther King expresses his appreciation by a speech in Oslo. This speech is slightly different to his other speeches such as “I have a dream” or “Eulogy” as he uses less metaphors and alliterations and not only focuses on racial discrimination in the United States of America. He uses high vocabulary, as he speaks to a highly educated non-American audience in a humble tone. Martin Luther King begins his speech with the words: “The tortuous road which has led from Montgomery to Alabama to Oslo...” This can be classified as a metaphor, as “tortuous road” emphasizes that Negros had to suffer humiliation, exploitation and oppression for many years. But this “road” gave new hope to the people in the United States, as it is said in the speech: “This road has opened for all Americans a new era of progress and hope.” This is an extended metaphor that appears throughout the whole paragraph, as he goes on with:” a superhighway of injustice”. These words show that the civil rights movement can’t be stopped anymore and will finally bring justice for Negros. Throughout the speech many alliteration occur such as:”faith in the future” or “bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood”. These examples show that alliterations point attention to the sentence and help to fix the reader’s mind. It then goes on with the simile: “Man is more flotsam and jetsam in the river of life”. By these words Martin Luther King wants to emphasize that it is possible for everybody to change something in the world, despite the fact that people...
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