How far was the League of Nations affected by the invasion of Abyssinia?
When the First World War ended, the League of Nations was founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference. It was and international peace keeping organization established on 10 January 1920 which’s aim was to encourage the member countries to co-operate in trade, improve social conditions, complete disarmament and to protect any member country that was being threatened with war. The League of Nations was the initial idea of Woodrow Wilson, the president of the USA at that time and was formed to make sure such world atrocities like the First World War never happened again. However, we know that despite this, a Second World War with even greater loss of life took place, and therefore most people conclude that the League of Nations failed. But why did the League fail? Many historians believe that the League of Nations was affected by the invasion of Abyssinia while others claim it was not. The aim of this essay is to evaluate both sides of the argument. In order to do so the different historical facts that could have affect the League of Nations will be evaluated. On the one hand, some historians believe that the invasion of Abyssinia was one of the most important facts that affected the League of Nations. They consider that the fatal blow to the League came when the Italian dictator Mussolini invaded Abyssinia. Italy was a leading member of the League and wanted to expand its empire by invading another country; Abyssinia, which was located at its northeast. Therefore, this one appealed for help to the League. The British and the French failed to take the situation seriously. In self-interest, France and Britain refused to stop trading in oil with Italy as it could harm their own economies, and refused to shut the Suez Canal, the route Italy used to get things from Italy to Abyssinia, because they didn’t want to intervene so they could keep good relationships with Mussolini, who seemed...
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