The Abuse in elderly African Americans and four main types of abuse, such as physical mental, financial, and psychological abuse will be discussed in this paper. The works of Mason (2006) and Horton and Horton (2009) clearly describe the historical aspects of the development of abuse against the elderly African Americans and how it has acquired its modern look. Other articles were used in this paper for the latest findings related to the four kinds of abuse in elderly African Americans. Reports of Conrad, Iris. And Ridings (2011) were examined for recent statistical data. The article “Cultural group guides” (2010) explains the effect of abuse in elderly African Americans in the U.S population.
Keywords: elderly African Americans, physical abuse, mental abuse, financial abuse, psychological abuse, effect of abuse
Abuse in Elderly
Nowadays, the lifespan of most Americans has been rapidly increasing than at any other time in history. There is more knowledge about lifestyle, nutrition and medical technologies which contribute to longer life. Unfortunately, modern sources that were developed specifically for the elderly have a slow pace of development than what is needed. At the beginning of the twentieth century, white and black groups of American population had completely different views regarding the future of African Americans. Throughout history white Americans believed that African Americans represented an inferior race that had only minimal rights, and could perform only slightly more than manual labor. However modern African Americans received a place in American history and national life. Although the consequences of discrimination, abuse, and slavery of this minority group continue to affect their social, mental, and financial status especially among the elderly. Mental, physical and psychological health and general social well-being can be assessed and understood through wider historical context. The history of African Americans dates back to the 1500’s when the first Africans arrived from the Caribbean and Mexico to the Spanish territories of Texas, Florida, and other areas of the South. However, the first African Americans were delivered for slavery to the United States in 1619. Since in the 17th century the population of America began to increase and the cotton industry increased, therefore cheap manual labor became more and more required, thus, the massive kidnapping of Africans from their native lands and the purchasing of them for forced labor began. The idea of African slaves became popular and widespread throughout the colonies in North America. This marked the beginning of African’s’ abuse and oppression (Mason, 2006).
Abuse in Elderly
When Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in January, 1863, the freedom was declared for African-American slaves, however, this time period caused even more problems concerning segregation, prejudice, racial discrimination, and racism. African-Americans were denied basic human rights, killed, put in jail, and beaten. African-Americans were discriminated against not only because of their skin color, but also because of their sex, social class, and religion (Mason, 2006). At the end of the 19th century, racial discrimination and violence against African-Americans increased dramatically. Africans were prohibited to do much of anything and to be anywhere that adhered to white people. Black Americans were not allowed to work at “white” establishments, eat at “white” restaurants, join in any “white” organizations or attend “white” schools. They had no electoral rights, economic opportunities were stripped away, and the suitable housing options were denied. African-Americans were kept in an illiteracy state and still considered as inferior to whites (Horton & Horton, 2009). During 1954-1968, the Civil Rights movement struggled for the annihilation of racial discrimination in the South. Civil Rights...
References: Beach, S (2010). Pitt Researchers report African American seniors at twice the risk for
mental abuse, five times for financial exploitation
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Cultural group guides. (2010). Dimencions of culture. Retrieved from Stratis Health website:
Horton J.O., & Horton, L., E. (2009). Slavery and public history: The tough stuff of American
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