The Abstract or Outline for the Research Paper
Organizing Your Paper and Writing the Abstract or Outline
If you have chosen to do an MLA paper you will do an outline for your paper. This will be the second page of the paper.
If you are doing an APA paper, you will do an abstract of your final paper. This will page two.
Consult Little Brown Brief, pp. 510-517or examples of what a properly formatted paper looks like. IF YOU DO NOT HAVE THIS TEXT, A GOOD SAMPLE CAN BE FOUND AT: www.dianahacker.com/resdoc
At this point you should have completed the majority of your research. Writing the Abstract and/or Outline will confirm whether or not you are ready to begin composing your paper. Although the format for abstract and outline is standard, you may find that the organizational pattern given may not quite fit your research paper. The organizational pattern I am going to give you is one of the most highly recommended patterns for an argumentative paper. In organizing and writing your abstract or outline, remember the Thesis Statement for your Research Paper is the answer to your research question. Other format styles include problem/solution, advantages/disadvantages, or reasons why. Feel free to adapt the organizational pattern I have given below to fit one of these other forms of documenting your paper. THE ABSTRACT
Your abstract should be one very well developed paragraph, up to about ¾ of a page. An easy pattern to follow Includes the following in this order: • Briefly introduce and explain the issue, ending with your answer to the thesis question. • Explain the opposition’s point of view.
• Refute the opposition’s point of view
• Support your claims with evidence. Do not get into great detail in the abstract, but forecast what the claims will be and hint at the evidence (statistics will show; major authorities in the field have been consulted, studies have proven). • Restate your position in slightly different language....
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