ABSTRACT ART EXPRESSION Copy

Topics: Abstract expressionism, Clement Greenberg, Color Field Pages: 14 (452 words) Published: March 24, 2015
ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM
"Jacob's Ladder"
by Helen Frankenthaler

Helen Frankenthaler
-influenced by Abstract Expressionist;
-known for her "soak-stain" technique;
-gave rise to Color Field Painting;
-Color Field art is often seen as an
important precursor of 1960s
Minimalism;
-Unlike Abstract Expressionists, Color
Field Painters deliberately manipulated
to create compositions;
-She had her first important soloexhibition in Nag Gallery in 1951;

(19282011)

Helen Frankenthaler

-developed her own technique as an
extension of Jackson Pollock's method
of applysing swirls of paint on the floor;
-in her art, Frankenthaler used, very
frequently, the impressions of nature
and landscape as an inspiration for her
paintings;

(19282011)

Jacob's Ladder
by Helen Frankenthaler

oil on unprimed canvas
2.88×1.78 m
( 9'5"x69'1") 1957
Museum of Modern Art

Art Criticism Approach
DESCRIPTION
It is large in scale and it
often features expansive
areas of paint. The pigments
used were thinned with
turpentine so that they
soaked through and stained
the uncoated canvas. The
paints produced flowing,
graceful, free-form shapes
of intense color.

Art Criticism Approach
ANALYSIS
Variety - in shapes and
forms; quiet balance, and
harmony.

Art Criticism Approach
INTERPRETATION
There is a juxtaposed feeling
of opposition as in freedom
and restraint; accident and
control. Since the artwork is
non-objective, it is up to the
viewer to decide on what to
think or feel.

Art Criticism Approach
JUDGMENT
Overall, the work is a
masterpiece, which does not
only make the the viewers
pass by and hover, but it
would require much attention
and deeper reflection.

Art History Approach
DESCRIPTION
Medium: oil on unprimed
canvass
Current Location: Museum of
the Modern Art, New York, NY
Date published: 1957
On 1957, she painted Jacob's
Ladder on a canvass laid on the
floor in her studio instead of
hanging it on the wall.

Art History Approach
ANALYSIS
"Soak-stain" technique - the
artwork's opacity is varied that
some parts were almost
transparent. The unique use of
this technique created a
soaking and sinking effect of
the paint on the canvass.

Art History Approach
INTERPRETATION
Frankenthaler was influenced by
how Jackson Pollock does his
artworks - laying large-scale
canvases on the floor. It was
after World War II where
Abstract Expressionists focused
on painting freely their feelings
instead of definite or planned
forms or structures.

Art History Approach
JUDGMENT
The works of Frankenthaler,
including Jacob's Ladder, gave
rise to the Color Field
Movement that was the first
ever in Art History. She was also
described by Clement Greenbelt
as the "next big thing."

References:

Art in Focus - Gene Mitler © 2006
http://www.gagosian.com/exhibitions/painted-on-21ststreet- -march-08-2013 http://www.tsevents.com/blog/?p=163
http://www.theartstory.org/artist-frankenthaler-helen.htm
http://www.newcriterion.com/articles.cfm/Frankenthaler-atthe-Guggenheim-3093 http://www.quotes-famous-artists.org/helen-frankenthalerfamous-quotes



References: Art in Focus - Gene Mitler © 2006
http://www.gagosian.com/exhibitions/painted-on-21ststreet- -march-08-2013
http://www.tsevents.com/blog/?p=163
http://www.theartstory.org/artist-frankenthaler-helen.htm
http://www.newcriterion.com/articles.cfm/Frankenthaler-atthe-Guggenheim-3093
http://www.quotes-famous-artists.org/helen-frankenthalerfamous-quotes
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