Abstract Art

Topics: Abstract expressionism, Modern art, History of painting Pages: 6 (2033 words) Published: September 17, 2013
“Of all the arts, abstract painting is the most difficult. It demands that you know how to draw well, that you have a heightened sensitivity for composition and for colors, and that you be a true poet. This last is essential." -- Wassily Kandinsky.

Abstract Art is art that is not a precise demonstration of a form or object. This depiction can be diverged in many ways including the shape, color, and form. The artist takes the object and then either simplifies it or exaggerates it using these things. There were three art movements that played a role in the development of the form of art called abstract. These were the Romanticism, Impressionism and expressionism.

There are many distinctive abstract styles. There are three forms of abstraction that are most common. Cubism, Neoplasticism, and Abstract Expressionism. There are many abstract artists who painted in these styles, however there are some that are more well know in a particular field than the rest. For example, the some of the most famous cubist were Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. One of the best examples of Neoplasticism is Piet Mondrian . Two of the most famous examples of Abstract Expressionism are Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock.

The basic idea behind abstract art is that the formal qualities of a painting (or sculpture) are just as important (if not more so) than its representational qualities. For instance a picture may contain a very bad drawing of a man, but if its colours are very beautiful, it may nevertheless strike us as being a beautiful picture. This shows how a “formal” quality (colour) can override a representational one (drawing). On the other hand, a photorealist painting of a joined house can show attractive representationalism, but the subject matter, colour scheme and general composition could actually be boring.

Abstract art initiated in the avant-garde movements of the late 19th century – Impressionism, neo-Impressionism, and post-Impressionism. These styles of painting cut down the importance of the original subject matter and began to emphasize the creative process of painting itself. In the first decade of the 20th century, some painters in Europe began to abandon the established Western bonds of copying nature and of storytelling and developed a new artistic form and expression.

Up until the late 19th century, most painting and sculpture followed the traditional principles of Classical Realism, as taught in the great Academies of Europe. These principles laid down that art's first duty was to provide a recognizable scene or object. However much affected by the demands of style or medium, a work of art had to represent outer reality. However, during the last quarter of the 19th century, things began to change. Impressionism demonstrated that the strict academic style of naturalistic painting was no longer the only dependable way of doing things. Then, during the period 1900-1930, developments in other areas of modern art provided additional techniques (involving colour, a rejection of 3-D perspective, and new shapes), which would be used to further the quest for abstraction.

The first of the major modern art movements to overthrow the academic style of classical realism was Impressionism (fl.1870-1880), whose palette was often decidedly non-naturalistic, although its art remained firmly and clearly derived from the real world, even if Claude Monet's final work on his Water Lilies type seemed more similar to abstraction. The rise of abstract art was also influenced by the Art Nouveau movement (c.1890-1914).

Abstract art is a way for people to express themselves by keeping away from the usual boundries and rules set by other art types. Personally, I don’t feel that I am that surrounded by things related to abstract art except for my wall paper in my room which I believe that is somewhat related to abstract art.

Born in 1914 in the Siberian town of Chelyabinsk, abstract artist Esphyr Slobodkina...
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