The Grand Embassy-*Peter the Great's long visit to Western Europe to learn about European customs and manufacturing techniques to help westernize Russia •
Charles I-King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which Charles was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649 •
King Louis XIV-*Called "The Sun King" because he was the center of the French universe *Became King of France at 5 years old
*Said, "I am the State"
*Was an extreme absolute monarch who believed in Divine Right *King of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715) •
Peter the Great-*Autocratic Ruler
*Followed Ivan the Terrible
*Ruled Russia from 1682 to 1725, wanted closer ties to western europe, modernize and strengthen Russia •
Petition of Right-Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I of England in 1628; challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land •
Edict of Nantes-Document created by Henry IV of France.
It gave Huguenots (French protestants) a place to live in peace and a place to worship •
Serfdom-Feudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions •
Absolute Ruler/Monarchy-A ruler who has total power
*All aspects of life including speech, religion, ideas, social gatherings, money etc. •
Habeas Corpus-A person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime •
Westernization-Adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture •
Intendants-A French government official appointed by the monarch (King Louis XIV) to collect taxes and administer justice •
Absolutism-A political system in which a ruler holds total power •
Divine Right-The belief that God...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document