Absolutism: Who is the Absolute Ruler?

Topics: Louis XIV of France, Charles I of England, Charles II of England Pages: 2 (368 words) Published: September 23, 2013
The Grand Embassy-*Peter the Great's long visit to Western Europe to learn about European customs and manufacturing techniques to help westernize Russia •Charles I-King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which Charles was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649 •King Louis XIV-*Called "The Sun King" because he was the center of the French universe *Became King of France at 5 years old

*Said, "I am the State"
*Was an extreme absolute monarch who believed in Divine Right *King of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715) •Peter the Great-*Autocratic Ruler

*Followed Ivan the Terrible
*Russian Czar
*Ruled Russia from 1682 to 1725, wanted closer ties to western europe, modernize and strengthen Russia •Petition of Right-Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I of England in 1628; challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land •Edict of Nantes-Document created by Henry IV of France.

It gave Huguenots (French protestants) a place to live in peace and a place to worship •Serfdom-Feudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions •Boyars-Russian nobility

Absolute Ruler/Monarchy-A ruler who has total power
*All aspects of life including speech, religion, ideas, social gatherings, money etc. •Habeas Corpus-A person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime •Westernization-Adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture •Intendants-A French government official appointed by the monarch (King Louis XIV) to collect taxes and administer justice •Absolutism-A political system in which a ruler holds total power •Divine Right-The belief that God...
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