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Absolutism: the Best Form of Government
It is known that a state without government is a state in chaos and confusion. What the best possible form of government should be has been debated by political philosophers over time. To vigorously ensure the well-being of a state, the government of that state should be absolute or one in which all power is vested in a single ruler. A monarch's authority to govern should be absolute because God establishes kings, decisions would be made quicker, and there would be less conflict between differing parties. God establishes kings; so therefore, a monarch's authority to govern should be absolute. In Document 3, Bishop Jacques Bénigne Bossuet writes that God establishes kings as his ministers and reigns through them over the people. The right to rule is derived directly from God, not from the consent of the people. Bossuet believes that the royal throne is not the throne of man, but in fact, is the throne of God himself (Document 3). God rules over the people through the king that He specifically puts on the throne. Bossuet also writes "The Prince, adds Saint Paul, is a minister of God to thee for good'" (Document 3). As an instrument of God, a monarch should have absolute authority to rule over the state and ensure the well-being of the people. Although a monarch's authority to govern should be absolute because God establishes kings, that is not the only reason. Decisions would be made quicker if the monarch's authority were absolute. Catherine II, Czarina of Russia, writes "The Sovereign is absolute; for there is no other Authority but that which centers in his single person, that can act with a Vigour proportionate to the Extent of such a vast Dominion" (Document 5). Only an absolute ruler can act with such effectiveness. Edmund Burke writes "The will of the many, and their interests, must very often differ" (Document 8). If there is not a single, absolute ruler, decisions must be discussed before they are carried out. This could take a very long time because, as Burke says, their interests will differ. In Document 5, Catherine II writes that it is expedient so to be, that the quick Dispatch of Affairs, sent from distant Parts, might make ample Amends for the Delay occasioned by the great Distance of Places. With an absolute ruler, decisions would be made quick enough to reach the other side of a state and resolve a problem. A monarch's authority to govern should be absolute because decisions would be made quicker. If there is no absolute ruler, decisions must be discussed between parties and this would not be quick. A monarch's authority to govern should be absolute because then there would be less conflict between differing parties. In Document 3, Bossuet writes that the prince need render no account to anyone for the orders he gives. Instead of having to discuss why a decision was made or discussing what decisions should be made, an absolute ruler can make a decision and no one would question him. John Locke believes that if the commands of a prince were opposed it would unhinge and overturn all politics, and instead of government and order, leave nothing but anarchy and confusion (Document 4). Differing parties are not only government officials but also the people being governed. In an absolute government the people should not oppose the ruler. Bousett believes men must obey princes as they obey justice itself, without which there can be no order or purpose in things (Document 3). The authority of a monarch should be absolute because there would be less conflict between differing parties. God establishes kings and grants them absolute rule over the people. With this absolute government decisions are made quicker. This is because conflict between differing parties would greatly lessen with this absolute government. The well-being of a state is ensured by God's establishment of a single absolute ruler, who has the ability to quickly make decisions and avoid conflict between differing parties. The best form of government has long been debated. Now, that debate can end for the best form of government is one in which a monarch's authority to rule is absolute.