12 May 2015
Absolute Monarchies and the Scientific Revolutions Many absolute monarchs believed their power to rule were given by God, otherwise known
as divine right. An absolute monarch is a monarch who has complete, unlimited control. He or she can impose punishments with no imperative on his or her power. Two absolute monarchs that utilized the idea of divine right to justify and legitimize their ruling were Louis XIV and Philip II. The Scientific Revolution, as it were, was a revolting done by central figures of the Scientific Revolution. This is said in light of the fact that individuals would have never set out to test the power of, for instance, the Catholic Church; however the two individuals that did were Galileo Galilei and Nicolas Copernicus.
Louis XIV and Philip II were two absolute monarchs that utilized the idea of divine right to justify and legitimize their ruling. Divine right implied that God, not the individuals, gave the person a privilege to rule. Opposing them was a wrongdoing and since the dominant part of individuals used to unequivocally have faith in God, Louis XIV and Philip II got away with imposing punishments because people, in a way, were apprehensive. The first of the two examples of absolute monarchs utilizing divine right to justify and legitimize their ruling is Louis XIV.
Louis XIV was extremely controlling and one of the reasons he built the Palace of Versailles was because it was a way to control the nobles. He also fought numerous wars, some which he lost. This cost the monarchy a considerable amount of money and put them in debt. Many rulers that believed in divine right, such as Louis XIV, got away with building lavish royal residences or wearing luxurious attire. The Palace of Versailles is an example. The Palace of Versailles housed the French government during his reign. Louis XIV completely transformed the palace after Louis XIII; he built north and south wings and truly added extravagance to it. Of course, divine right gave Louis XIV an excuse to all of his actions and everyone followed. Louis XIV utilized his rule as a part of a way that just profited himself, he did what he needed and could as a
result of his claim that God issued him energy to rule or his wellknown saying, "'L'etat c'est moi' ('I am the state')" This implies he had complete control over everything. A way Louis XIV utilized divine right to satisfy himself was his daily ceremonies. Louis held a particular schedule and everybody needed to hear him out. “For instance, in the mornings he was washed, dressed, and nourished. Before the night's over, everybody was welcomed over his royal residence for a supper and there Louis talked with individuals” (Chateauversailles.fr). The other absolute monarch that utilized divine right to legitimize his decisions was Philip II. As indicated by HistoryLearningSite in their article Philip II and Government, "Philip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, such as ordering murders.” This is saying that Philip II believed within the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify murders. He saw himself as guardian of the Roman Catholic Church and considered Protestant ideas defiant so hundreds of Protestants were burned publicly to death. Nothing could be done without his clear approval and his decision making took very long. Philip II neglected the economy in favor of slivers from ...
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