Absolute and Relative Gain

Topics: Liberalism, Relative gain, Absolute gain Pages: 3 (1178 words) Published: May 6, 2013
International Relations

Week 3 Liberalism and Neo-liberalism
Question: What is the difference between relative and absolute gains? What role does this concept play in neo-liberal thinking?

Contents
What is the difference between relative and absolute gains?3 & 4 Bibliography5

What is the difference between relative and absolute gains?
-What role does this concept play in neo-liberalist thinking?

Introduction
This essay addresses the question about the difference between relative and absolute gains within the neo-liberal body of thought. The terms ‘relative ’and absolute gains will be explained, and there will be examples given between absolute and relative gain. Furthermore there will be a description and analyze of relative and absolute gain in global society. This will be done with a link to the main thinkers of neo-liberalism. In the conclusion I will give my own opinion on the topic and a short summary of the facts stated before. What are relative gains and absolute gains

Absolute and relative gain are two principles that appear when the international relation theories neo-liberalism and neo-realism are discussed. According to Feina Cai (2011) the biggest differences between neo-realism and neo-liberalism can be indicated from the biggest differences between absolute and relative gain. According to neo-liberalists, states are per definition egoists and measure their interests by individual gain, my gain is the only one that counts (Grieco, 1988). In international cooperation a neo-liberalist will always look if he is getting the most out of the situation. States will not enter in a certain action or agreement if they are not sure they will become the biggest benefiter. Opposed to the ideas of absolute gain, you can see relative gain, this key term is, as stated before, commonly associated by neo-realists. Relative gain means that states act with keeping in notion to respect the balance of power between them. Relative gain means that...

Bibliography: Powell, Robert (2011). Absolute and Relative Gains in International Relations Theory Retrieved on March 13th, 2013 from: http://www.rochelleterman.com/ir/sites/default/files/Powell%201991.pdf
Baldwin,David(n.d)Neo liberalism, Neo-realism and world politics Retrieved on March 13th, 2013 from:http://www.google.nl/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=10&ved=0CIEBEBYwCQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fcursos.iteso.mx%2Fpluginfile.php%2F125293%2Fmod_forum%2Fattachment%2F58368%2FBaldwin%2520Neoliberalism%2C%2520Neorealism%2520and%2520World%2520Politics.pdf&ei=N09DUeLGCdKS0QXQ2IDYCQ&usg=AFQjCNFM_D7w2WtzJY95Dw1CV_61EqwwkQ&sig2=fB1m4muB1-c6VqlqezPVLw
Einar thorsen (2012). What is liberalism .Retrieved on March 24,2013 From: http://folk.uio.no/daget/What%20is%20Neo-Liberalism%20FINAL.pdf
Harman,Chris(2007)Theorising neoliberalism.Retrieved on March 23,2013 From:http://www.isj.org.uk/?id=399
Harvey, D.(2006)Neoliberalism
Jengar, Hamza (2012). Realism Liberalism and the possibilities of peace Retrieved on March 24,2013 From: http://www.e-ir.info/2012/02/19/realism-liberalism-and-the-possibilities-of-peace/
Kazutoshi Suzuki (n.d)Absolute and relative gains Retrieved on March 25th, 2013 from: http://citrus.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp/mas/workingpaper/wp1_suzuki.pdf
Powell, Robert (2011). Absolute and Relative Gains in International Relations Theory Retrieved on March 13th, 2013 from: http://www.rochelleterman.com/ir/sites/default/files/Powell%201991.pdf
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