Frederic Skinner Behaviorist Theory
Skinner and Maslow were one of psychology’s well know Theories. But it depends on which theorist you talk to, if they all agree. These two men have very brilliant minds with two different theories, with students learning in the classroom. Both of these theories have had tremendous impact in the classroom.
Maslow says people instincts according to what they need. With this, it shapes a person behavior. If one of the five keys are missing, there behavior will change. Skinner idea is that behavior is shaped by two things. Positive and negative reinforcement. When you have good behavior, you have positive reward, when you have bad behavior there is a punishment for it.
How motivation changes for elementary vs. secondary students. Maslow believed there is 5 steps that each student must meet in order to be a successful. Once the students have meet these needs they will process forward in small steps, then they will advance to more steps and adjust as needed. When a student is in secondary school, the steps become bigger. When the students have task, it should be broken up into steps that a students can handle. With the smaller steps you can reinforcement then you can, change or modify any activity. When a student is having a hard time with the activity. When the student start to under the activity. Then you can reward them to help get the students to do the highest performance. When you have students at the secondary school the reward system becomes less frequent.
How the theories are, Similar and different. Similarities: That as student move forward, the learning process done in small steps, and should keep moving forward until they reach their goal. Differences Skinner had the understanding that behavior is on a reward and punishment. Maslow says that if the basic needs of the student is not meet there will become a behavior issue.
Maslow believes that most basic to higher needs.
References: McLeod, S.A. (2007) Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Simply psychology Skinner, B.F. (31July 1981) “Selection by Consequences” Psychology uiowa