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RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN NANOPARTICLES.

INTRODUCTION

Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary scientific field undergoing explosive development.
Nanometer-sized particles offer novel structural, optical and electronic properties that are not attainable with individual molecules or bulk solids. Advances in nanomedicine can be made by engineering nanoparticles that are capable of targeted delivery of drugs. This leads toward the concept and possibility of personalized medicine for the potential of early detection of diseases and most importantly, molecular targeted therapy. Promoting nanotechnology for diagnosis, prevention and treatment is the focus of the recently developing multifunctional nanotechnology. Engineered nanoparticles have the potential to revolutionize the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases; for example, by allowing the targeted delivery of a drug to particular subsets of cells. However, so far, such nanoparticles have not proved capable of surmounting all of the biological barriers required to achieve this goal. Nevertheless, advances in nanoparticle engineering, as well as advances in understanding the importance of nanoparticle characteristics such as size, shape and surface properties for biological interactions, are creating new opportunities for the development of nanoparticles for therapeutic applications.

Today Nanoparticles are developed in so many varieties and in many industries. Nano particles are developed in cancer therapy, photodynamic therapy, etc...GoldNano particles also developed in clinicaldiagnosis.

TEKRINE-1K4.

Tekniker-IK4 is taking part in a European project investigating new materials based on carbonaceous nanoparticles for application to sectors such as automobiles and construction. A brake pedal able to detect the pressure of the driver's foot, paint for vehicles resistant to scratching and with self-repairing capacity, self-lubricating engine components, a low-cost and fire-resistant

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