about alcohol

Topics: Drug addiction, Addiction, Ethics Pages: 67 (12902 words) Published: October 11, 2013
ETHICAL ISSUES IN RESEARCH INTO
ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS: AN ISSUES
PAPER EXPLORING THE NEED FOR A
GUIDANCE FRAMEWORK
‘An ethical framework is a set of ethical principles capable of being applied consistently and designed to guide our response to a particular problem or set of problems… an ethical framework dictates not what is to be done, but what factors should be considered in deciding what is to be done.’ 2

2 Chan, S., & Harris J. (2007). Nuffield Council on Bioethics: An ethical review of publications (p. 7). Accessed on 20

April 2011 from: http://www.nuffieldbioethics.org/

Contents
Section 1 Introduction

1

1.1 Purpose

1

1.2 Exclusions

1

1.3 The National Drug Strategy 2010-2015

2

1.4 Structure of the Issues Paper

2

1.5 Target audience

3

Section 2 The Distinctive Nature of Alcohol and Other Drugs Research

2.1 Distinctive nature of AOD research

Section 3 The Nature and Extent of Addiction to Alcohol and Other Drugs in Australia

4

4
5

3.1 Extent of addiction to alcohol and other drugs in Australia

5

3.2 Causative factors for addiction to AOD in Australia

6

3.3 Genetic Factors

7

Section 4 A Taxonomy of the Types of Research Undertaken on Alcohol and Other Drugs 8

4.1 The four domains of epidemiological and social science research

 
4.2 The neurobiological basis of drug effects and of addictive or problem patterns of alcohol and other drug use

4.3 Online developments in AOD settings

Section 5 Ethical principles

8
9
9
11

5.1 The values of the National Statement

11

5.2 The National Statement and research on persons with an addiction

12

5.3 The National Statement and research involving illegal activity

13

5.4 Community values and AOD research

13

Section 6 Examples of Ethical Issues in Alcohol and Other Drugs Research

15

6.1 Participant Payment in AOD Research

15

6.2 Consent in minors and parental consent

16

6.3 Ethical issues concerning the dependants of participants

17

6.4 Online methods in recruitment and data-collection

18

6.5 Contingency management payments

18

6.6 Legal risks of research for participants and researchers

19

6.7 Protection of researchers

19

Section 7 Glossary of Terms and Phrases

20

7.1 Glossary of terms and phrases

20

7.2 Addiction

20

7.3 Co-morbid

20

7.4 Dependence
7.5 Online research
7.6 Harm Minimisation

20
21
21

7.7 Illegal substance

21

ETHICAL ISSUES IN RESEARCH INTO ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS:
AN ISSUES PAPER EXPLORING THE NEED FOR A GUIDANCE FRAMEWORK

i

7.8 Intoxication

21

7.9 Legal substance

21

7.10 Researchers

21

7.11 Withdrawal

21

Section 8 Selected Bibliography
APPENDIX 1: Role of AHEC and membership of the expert Advisory Group

27

APPENDIX 2: Terms of reference for Advisory Group of AHEC

28

APPENDIX 3: Advisory Group Recommendations

ii

22

29

ETHICAL ISSUES IN RESEARCH INTO ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS:
AN ISSUES PAPER EXPLORING THE NEED FOR A GUIDANCE FRAMEWORK

SECTION 1

Section 1 – Introduction
1.1

Purpose

1.1.1
One of the Principal Committees of National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) is the Australian Health Ethics Committee (AHEC). The statutory functions of AHEC include providing advice, or preparing guidelines, about ethical issues in health. An aspect of that role includes providing guidance to researchers and Human Research Ethics Committees (HRECs) relative to the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (2007) (National Statement)3 and its companion document the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007) (the Code).4

1.1.2
Since the...

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