Abortion: Roe V. Wade and Supreme Court

Topics: Roe v. Wade, Abortion, Pregnancy Pages: 7 (3657 words) Published: October 19, 2014

Abortion: Politically Correct – Morally Incorrect
Abortion is the termination of pregnancy before birth, resulting in, or accompanied by the death of the fetus. ("Abortion," Encarta 98). In 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court decision, Roe v. Wade, dramatically changed the legal landscape of American abortion law. The result of the ruling required abortion to be legal for any woman; regardless of her age and for any reason during the first seven months of pregnancy, and for almost any reason after that. ("Status of Abortion in America"). In the Roe v. Wade case, Roe (Norma McCorvey), had claimed she was gang raped and attempted to have an abortion in Texas. ("Roe and Doe"). After hearing the case, the Supreme Court ruled that an American’s right to privacy included the right of a woman whether or not to have children, and the right of a woman and her doctor to make that decision without state interference, at least in the first trimester of pregnancy. ("Celebrating 25 Years of Reproductive Choice"). The moral issue of abortion—whether or not it is murder—has been debated since it was legalized in 1973. Roe v. Wade has been one of the most controversial Supreme Court decisions of the 20th century. ("Roe No More"). More than two decades since the Supreme Court first upheld a woman’s right to abortion, the debate over the morality and legality of induced abortion continues in the United States. ("Abortion," Encarta 98). Abortion is one of the most divisive and emotional issues facing United States policy makers today. ("Economics of Abortion"). The people who are in favor of the Roe v. Wade decision and the right to have an abortion are called "pro-choice." They believe that the government does not have the right to interfere on a woman’s right to terminate her pregnancy. According to the Alan Guttmacher Institute, "Forty-nine percent of pregnancies among American women are unintended; one half of these are terminated by abortion." ("The Alan Guttmacher Institute"). When abortions are performed legally, a skilled practitioner, using an accepted method in a clean setting, usually performs them early in pregnancy. In these circumstances, the risk of complications and maternal death is low. However, when abortion is largely illegal and must be performed secretly, it is often unsafe. In these situations, complication and maternal death rates skyrocket. ("Economics of Abortion"). Those in favor of the pro-choice argument believe that the legalization of abortion led to dramatic decreases in pregnancy-related injury and death. ("Celebrating 25 Years of Reproductive Choice"). People who are opposed to abortion and the right to have an abortion are called "pro-life." People who are pro-life believe that abortion is the murder of an unborn child. They believe that life begins at conception, therefore the life of the unborn should also be considered. Many people also argue that abortion is an unsafe alternative. Some of the risks of abortion include intense pain, sterility, bleeding, perforation of the uterus, laceration of the cervix, peritonitis (abdominal infection), shock/coma, increased risk of breast cancer, maternal death, miscarriages, and ectopic (tubal) pregnancies. ("Potential Effects of Abortion"). An unjust law goes against God’s laws and human principles. Believing that certain laws are unjust may not be what the majority wants to believe, but people know what is really right and wrong. This moral knowledge of right and wrong comes from God. "Evil men do not understand justice, but those who seek the Lord understand it fully." (Proverbs 28:5). Humans are born with a God-given, moral sense of right and wrong. You can lose these views in certain situations—when doing wrong is more convenient or seems right at the time of doing it. When people do things that are wrong, they try to justify their actions by giving a reason for what they are doing. For example, when people copy someone else’s work, they may justify it to themselves...

Cited: 24. Dobson, Dr. James “Dialogue on Abortion” Colorado Springs, CO: Focus on the Family. 1992, 1993 
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