Abortion: Pros and Cons
Abortion means the termination of pregnancy before birth. Abortion results in the death of a fetus. Some abortions occur naturally because the mother has an injury or disorder that prevents her from carrying the pregnancy to the full nine months. Other pregnancies are terminated by choice, resulting in an abortion. Those pregnancies are induced, which is intentionally brought on, because a pregnancy is unwanted or is a risk to the mother’s health. Induced abortion is one of today’s most intense issues. Modern medical techniques have made induced abortions simpler and less dangerous. There are also preventions and ways not to get pregnant, so that abortion is not a choice that one has to make. At clinics where abortions are performed, the debate and confrontations sometimes become violent. In this essay, I will try to hit enough points to give a good view on abortion and the talk behind it. Abortion is a subject that is wide range and should be looked at in all aspects. Procedures
There are many ways abortion can be performed. One popular way is the drug induced procedure. Drug induced abortions can be painful and dangerous. Mifeprostone, also known as RU-486, with a combination of misoprostal, given 48 hours later, causes the uterus to contract and expel the fetus. “There’s nothing new about the “new” “Morning After Pill,” (McGovern, 1999). As stated by McGovern (1999), doctors have given women fearing unwanted pregnancy concentrated birth control hormones within 72 hours of sex. RU-486 is not used as a preventive measure, only as a way out after the deed has been done. Another drug induced procedure is also a mixture of two different types of drugs. Misoprostal, with methotrexate, interferes with cell division and causes the uterus to contract and expel the fetus. Just like the first drug induced procedure, they both are used to cause the early termination of a pregnancy. These methods end pregnancy in almost all women who take them being mostly effective when they are used early on in the pregnancy. There are other ways an abortion can be completed. We have to now look at the surgical side of the abortion procedure. There are many ways that an abortion can be done surgically. The two that are the most popular are Vacuum Aspiration and Dilation and Curettage (D and C). I will continue in the next couple of paragraphs and give the explanations of both procedures. These procedures are 100% effective, when done by a trained provider. There are also the effects of the abortions that will also be a topic in this essay.
Vacuum Aspiration, a procedure used for abortions in the 6th to 14th week of pregnancy, is the first procedure. Vacuum Aspiration requires that the cervix be dilated, or enlarged, so that a cannula can be inserted into the uterus. Then, instruments called dilators may be used to enlarge the cervix. While the procedure is in progress, the cannula is attached to a pump that removes the contents of the uterus. Then the uterus lining must be scraped with a spoon-like tool called a curette to loosen and remove tissue. This procedure is referred to as curettage. This procedure may require pain medication, to be given before the procedure is done. The next procedure is called dilation and Curettage (D and C). Dilation and Curettage, also called D and C, is a procedure preformed during the 6th to the 16th week of pregnancy. Dilation and Curettage involves dilating the cervix and scraping the uterine lining wit ha curette to remove the contents. A Dilation and Curettage often requires pain medication to be given and must be performed in a clinic or hospital. There are many complications following the types of procedures I have written about. Effects of Abortion Procedures
In future pregnancies, if abortion is chosen, it is more likely that one will not be able to have a normal pregnancy without complications and...
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Hilgers, (2006). Fertility Problems Following an Aborted First Pregnancy. February 25, 2007, from AbortionFacts.com Web site:http://www.abortionfacts.com/literature/literature_928YC.asp
Keenan, Nancy (2007). Abortion. February 25, 2007, from Prochoiceamerica.org Web site:http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/issues/abortion/
McGovern, Celeste (1999). ”Morning-After” Pills cause early abortions. February 25, 2007, from Prolife.com Web site: http://www.prolife.com/MorningAfterPill.html
National Cancer Institute. (2005). Cancer Facts: Abortion, Miscarriage, and Breast Cancer Risk. Retrieved February 25, 2007, from University Library EBSCOhost
Tietze, C, Henshaw, S.K., (1986). Abortion is a Valid and positive Reproductive Choice. February 25, 2007, from Prochoice.org Web site:http://www.prochoice.org/get_involved/pro_choice_proud.html#choice
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