NAME: Ahmad Elias Salim
Course: Advanced English Academic Writing
Semester: Fall 2014/2015
Organizational Pattern: Topical
General Purpose: To Inform
Supervised by: Dr. Ahmad Mosleh
Date: AUL/Jadra December 2014
Table Of Contents:
Introduction and definition of Abortion
History of Abortion
Types of Abortion
Methods of Abortion
Legality of Abortion
Risk and Side Effects
What do you think about abortion? Most people try not to think about it. They wish to avoid the overwhelming horrible reality. Abortion is an intentional violent act that kills an unborn baby. Without any anesthesia, the baby is dismembered, torn apart, and vacuumed out of the mother. Abortion has an historical origin, types, methods, and legality of it.
What is abortion?_______________________________
An abortion is when the pregnancy is ended so that it does not result in the birth of a child. Sometimes this is called 'termination of pregnancy'. The pregnancy is removed from the womb, either by taking pills (medical abortion) which involves taking medicines to cause a miscarriage or by surgery (surgical abortion) where the pregnancy is removed from the womb. Most abortions can be provided on a day care basis which means you do not need to stay at a clinic overnight.
History of abortion______________________________
Over several centuries and in different cultures, there is a rich history of women helping each other to abort. Until the late 1800s, women healers in Western Europe and the U.S. provided abortions and trained other women to do so, without legal prohibitions. By 1880, most abortions were illegal in the U.S., except those necessary to save the life of the woman. Abortion became a crime and a sin for several reasons. A trend of humanitarian reform in the mid-19th century broadened liberal support for criminalization, because at that time abortion was a dangerous procedure done with crude methods, few antiseptics, and high mortality rates.
Types of abortion_______________________________
1. Induced abortion:
Approximately 205 million pregnancies occur each year worldwide. Over a third are unintended and about a fifth end in induced abortion. Most abortions result from unintended pregnancies. Reasons for procuring induced abortions are typically characterized as either therapeutic or elective. An abortion is medically referred to as a therapeutic abortion when it is performed to save the life of the pregnant woman; prevent harm to the woman's physical or mental health; terminate a pregnancy where indications are that the child will have a significantly increased chance of premature morbidity or mortality or be otherwise disabled; or to selectively reduce the number of fetuses to lessen health risks associated with multiple pregnancy.
2. Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage):
Spontaneous abortion, also known as miscarriage, is the unintentional expulsion of an embryo or fetus before the 24th week of gestation. A pregnancy that ends before 37th weeks of gestation resulting in a live-born infant is known as a "premature birth" or a "preterm birth". When a fetus dies in uterus after viability, or during delivery, it is usually termed "stillborn". Premature births and stillbirths are generally not considered to be miscarriages although usage of these terms can sometimes overlap. The most common cause of spontaneous abortion during the first trimester is chromosomal abnormalities of the embryo or fetus, accounting for at least 50% of sampled early pregnancy losses. Other causes include vascular disease (such as lupus), diabetes, other hormonal problems, infection, and abnormalities of the uterus. Advancing maternal age and a patient history of previous spontaneous abortions...
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Johnson, L. & J. Abortion History: A History of Abortion in the United States. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion#History
Rahman, Anika, Katzive, Laura, & Henshaw, Stanley K. (1998). A Global Review of Laws on Induced Abortion. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion_law
Champion, D. & Chahine, J. (2004). Abortion is illegal in Lebanon, but available. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from http://www.lebanonwire.com/0402/04022704DS.asp
Carole, J. (2009). Types of abortion. December 12, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion#Types
Corinne J. Naden (2002). Abortion. (pp. 150-154). Council of Europe.
Kulier, R. & Kapp, N. (2011). Abortion methods. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from http://www.bpas.org/bpaswoman/Surgical%20abortion
Patricia W. Lunneborg (2009). Abortion:A positive decision. (pp. 128-132).
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