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By kashevkovita Apr 15, 2014 1669 Words
Vita Kash
ENG 1510, Friday
Essay 3, Draft 1
November 11 2013
Childhood Obesity
One of the most global health problems that people face in the twenty first century is obesity in children and teens. Obesity is a worldwide disease that affects all aspects of people’s life. Yes, it is a disease because obesity leads to many health problems. The World Health Organization states: “In the last decade the estimated number of adults with excess weight has increased dramatically from 200 million to 300 million affected individuals” (Controlling the Global Obesity Epidemic). It is very dramatic because almost half of these numbers of obese people are children. What provokes the increase in child’s obesity? First, it is better to define what is obesity. Obesity is an excessive deposit of fat in the body. It is obvious that obesity is a disease that is characterized by greater caloric reserves in the body. In fact, various causes and factors can influence children to become obese. First of all, healthy sleep is very important for children. During the daytime, the body is spending its energy for digestion and during night, the body is collecting energy for the next day. Seven hours of sleeping is considers as healthy sleeping. However, when there is interruption on sleep, the body can gain weight. Some people ask about how not enough sleep can cause obesity. Well, when children are awake, they are looking for some activities like watching TV or chatting with friends. During sleep the body forgets about food, but if a child is awake, he wants to eat at nighttime too. However, a child’s body needs its energy for digestion and physical activities in the morning. Night eating is a straight way to gain weight and lose physical energy. By a News Reporter-Staff: “Children with one or more electronic devices in the bedroom-TVs, computers, video games and cellphones-were also far more likely to be overweight or obese.... Researchers found that students with access to one electronic device were 1.47 times as likely to be overweight as kids with no devices in the bedroom” (Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week). Electronic devices spoil a child’s healthy life because of addiction to them. Addiction makes children to be awake longer and longer and it leads children to become overweight or obese because of nighttime food intake. Also, insomniac children experience low levels of physical activities in the morning. It can provide anxiety, discomfort, and stress. All in all, absence of sleep is motivated by watching TV, playing computer games, and eating at night in children. However, these unusual nighttime activities promote body to gain its weight. Second, obesity may increase in children because of stressful lives. Excessive nervous energy causes people to eat more than normal. When children feel angry or stressed, they are likely to eat more, especially unhealthy fast food. During stressful situations, children and teenagers are losing certain amount of energy because of emotional and physical pressure. Teens and children worry about many things such as bad grades, going to a new school, or parents’ divorce. Even when parents talk to children and explain that everything going to be okay, children feel emotionally depressed. Depression causes people to live inactively. Children may switch to lazy behaviors such as watching TV, playing computer games, and during that eating junk food. “According to a 2005 national health survey, 3 in 10 college students are overweight or obese. Students are cramming for tests, rushing to their next class, grabbing high calorie snacks and drinks, often ending up a part of this statistic“ (SF State offers healthy options for a college lifestyle). This is true. Stressful situations put people into overeating. To participate in class activities, do brainstorming, and writing tests, students have to study doubtlessly. However, the studying process takes a huge amount of energy. If there is no energy, the body gets stressed. That is why there are so many students during break time at snack bars. However, a nurse, Katy Yukawa states that “Being a busy student isn't an excuse for being unhealthy; treat your body right" (UWIRE). Each person should have his own diet scheduled. Irregular diet is a cause of stress and can elevate problems with digestion. Also, during stress people get easy addicted to food, and it is hard to stop it later. Above all, nowadays there are many stressful situations that children face that lead to obesity. Under stress, people are not aware if they are hungry or not. They just simply eat. Stress is the cause that provides hunger. Another cause of the increase of child obesity is the increase of fast food restaurants all over the place. Children easily get addicted to food that has a high concentration of sugar and salt. As a result, a child wants more and more fast food and does not understand that junk food is unhealthy. Parents are responsible to look after children, and should prevent them from eating the fast food. However, it is very hard to keep a child away from eating junk food because the fast food restaurants are everywhere. Fast food is cheap and fast, so children have enough pocket money to afford it. McDonald’s is supersizing meals for just a little more in price. Bigger size-more fat! More fat-more weight! Also, fast food commercials on TV make food attractive for children. For example, at McDonald’s, meals are served with toys for children. As a result, children go to the fast food restaurants for toys and hamburgers. On Lawyers for overweight kids file class-action suit against McDonald’s, lawyer Samuel Hirsch argued “that the high fat, sugar and cholesterol content of McDonalds food is a ‘very insipid, toxic kind of thing’ when ingested regularly by young kids” (Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week). A child who eats high fat foods has slow calories burn that cause health problems. Excessive lipids in the blood stream can elevate the cholesterol level. Sodium increases high blood pressure and slows regulation of the amount of water in the body. Excessive sugar can cause diabetes, heart dysfunction, and insomnia. Indeed, obesity evokes health problems because of great fat intake to the body that fast food restaurants provide to people. Excessive junk food nourishment especially hurt children because they are not aware of danger such food can cause. People are guilty for children obesity because they allow fast food restaurants progress in business by frequent visits. Last, children and teenagers have deficiency in physical activities because media technologies and networking displace physical activity in children and teenagers. Young people are more interested in computer games and chatting with friends rather than pumping muscles. The slogan, “being healthy is in fashion” does not exist for young people nowadays because children spend too much time exploring television programs and computer games. Besides, children consume a huge amount of food because of the growing progress. Lack of exercise causes the body to create a reservoir for fat that evokes obesity. Calories have to be burn through physical activities, but when there is no energy to burn lipids the body gains weight. According to the latest YMCA's Family Health Snapshot “a survey of parents that gauges their children's activity levels during the school year - only 19 percent of children get 60 minutes of physical activity, only 17 percent read books for fun and only 12 percent eat at least eight fruits and vegetables daily” (Health & Medicine Week). Thus leads to the conclusion that parents are paying less attention to children’s health life because of a lack of time. Parents work full-time and it is difficult to control a child’s physical activity. After work parents prefer to relax, so they send children to play computer games, watch animation movies, or study. Watching TV and exploring the Internet push children to make unhealthy food choices through watching food advertisements. Also, when children spend all free time passively by sitting and viewing things by display, they slowly are getting lazy to do exercise. Briefly, it is very important to keep a child active. Activity helps the body to be in good shape. However, Internet and TV are creating perfect conditions to become lazy and gain weight. To conclude, obesity is very common serious problem in young people nowadays. The number of obese people increases day by day and there are four various factors which provokes obesity in children and teens. Those factors are dependent on lack of sleep, stress life, increase of fast food restaurants, and low physical activeness. Those factors have negative effects on children’s health. Diseases such Hypertension, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular disease can arise because of obesity. Obesity cannot be treated fast, but it is a long process of loosing weight. Nevertheless, weight loss can be beneficial for young people. Weight loss can decrease difficulties of breathing and moving. When people are overweight, they are hiding from others because of these factors. However, there are several recommendations how to low the increase of obesity in the population. Parents should control children’s diet, limit TV and Internet time. Also, parents should prohibit children from visiting fast food restaurants. The best way to keep children in a good shape is to take them to sport clubs, make them walk more, or play in a fresh air outside. All children and teenagers are dreaming about “ideal body weight”, but only those who is active, watch a diet, sleep well, and have no stress can reach it.

Work Cited Page
Controlling the Global Obesity Epidemic. World Health Organization Obesity and Overweight Fact Sheet, 2013. 1. Academic OneFile. Web. 7 Nov. 2013 Lawyers for overweight kids file class-action suit against McDonald’s. Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week. 28 Dec. 2002. P. 16. 1. Academic OneFile. Web. 7 Nov. 2013 “ More than 1 Million Kids and Parents Set to Exercise Their Bodies and Minds on YMCA’s Healthy Kids Day[R], April 27.” Health & Medicine Week 10 May 2013: 391. Academic OneFile. Web. 9 Nov. 2013 “SF State offers healthy options for a collage lifestyle.” UWIRE Text 4 Sept. 2013: 1. Academic OneFile. Web. 10 Nov. 2013 “TV, devices in kids’ bedrooms linked to poor sleep, obesity.” Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week 10 Nov. 2012: 3607. Academic OneFile. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.

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