George Carlin once said, “How come when it’s us, it’s an abortion, but when it’s chicken, it’s an omelette” (Quotes). The controversial issue of abortion was first majorly recognized when a woman in Texas named Jane Roe challenged the laws of the right to an abortion. In Texas, abortion could only be performed when a licensed doctor felt that the child was endangering its mother. However, Roe thought that she had the right to a safe and legal option to end her pregnancy, so she took her case to court and challenged the Texas state laws (Roe v. Wade). The Texas courts sided with Roe on a seven-two vote saying that her right to privacy is stated in the ninth and fourteenth amendments. The amendments were broad enough to allow Roe the privacy of her pregnancy. The Supreme Court also decided that the decision to be a parent should have the highest respect of privacy but also the states have the right to intervene to protect future life. However, the courts can’t control abortion until the mother is in her second trimester and the fetus has the ability to survive outside of the womb. At that time, the states can then stop an abortion, but if the mother’s life is in danger then she may do as she pleases. Roe’s case set the precedent for legal abortions nationwide. In today’s society, abortion is becoming more accepted due to the fact that people are realizing that the right to an abortion is a private family decision. If the decision is made to have an abortion, then the mother has to go through certain delays before the abortion is officially done. With the right to an abortion now partially legal, some citizens are pushing for the laws that were once in place preventing abortion, to be restored to their natural state and make abortion illegal under any circumstances. But, should a woman have the right at any age to have an abortion under any circumstances?
There are two sides in the major debate for abortion: prochoice and prolife. One of the main arguments is when does a life officially start. Does it start when the fetus is in the womb or when it is actually born? Abortion is also based on religious beliefs an can threaten the separation of church and state and should not play a part in the law making in American government. The democrats fall on the side of prochoice and support Roe v Wade and the court decision that a woman has the right to a safe, legal, and affordable abortion, and that abortion is a fundamental right. The right to have an abortion is a personal decision regarding the mother’s body in your pregnancy and the government feels that they must uphold and protect the privacies when having an abortion. In some cases the government has taxpayer funded abortions for mothers who can’t afford one. Democrats obstruct any efforts to weaken the right to decisions about a pregnancy. A fetus is yet to be born, so democrats believe since the fetus is not a living person so then it is not protected by the same unalienable rights that a living person receives under the law of the constitution. A fetus doesn’t start its life at contraception, but when it is actually born into the world. According to democrats, when an abortion is preformed, the fetus can’t feel pain because the biological make-up of the child has yet to be formed (Abortion). The environment outside of the womb that allows the baby to feel pain has not occurred yet either, allowing the fetus to feel no pain during an abortion. With abortion being legal and a safe option, it takes the risk out of having black market abortions, abortions that are unsafe and illegal. Black market abortions increase injury and death rates, where as safe and legal options don’t. It is estimated that in countries with illegal abortions, 68,000 women died in 2006 (Abortion). The American Medical Association considers abortion to be a medical procedure if it is done with good medical practice and by a licensed doctor. If practiced by a licensed physician, then modern...
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