In today’s society, opinions on abortion span from one side of the spectrum, to the other. Many argue that it is unethical to take away an unborn child’s life, and that it should be illegal. Others argue that the women has a right to abort her unborn child, due to the 14th amendment. The issue became controversial due to the Roe V. Wade case, and has since then been counter challenged by many groups. Governor Casey, of the Pennsylvania legislation, challenged the decision of the Supreme Court by passing the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982. Many argued that both decisions were unconstitutional and violated the rights of women. The controversy of abortion has lasted till today, due to the Roe V. Wade case, the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982, and the argument of the constitutionality of both decisions.
During the 1960’s a sexual revolution took place, but as time progressed, the consequences of this revolution became evident. By this time, abortions performed in a doctor’s office were strictly illegal unless pertaining to the health of the mother. Due to the laws restricting abortions, many women were forced to abort in a back alley procedure that was often fatal. Despite the fact that many maternal deaths were caused by these back alley procedures, the abortion laws stayed in place. In the 1970’s an unmarried pregnant women, identified by the name of Jane Roe, challenged these laws, and filed a case against Henry Wade, the Dallas County District Attorney. Roe claimed that the laws restricting abortion were a violation of the Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments which implicitly guaranteed a woman’s right to privacy. The sate counter argued that during previous cases arguing abortion rights, the privacy issue was not absolute. Another argument the state provided was that the right of the unborn child should be greater than the mother’s right to privacy. After much deliberation, The district Court in Texas ruled that abortion laws...
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