A. Problem and Its Background
Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus or embryo prior to viability. Occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion is commonly refers to the induced of a human pregnancy. (http:realchoice.org.au/resources/mental-health-risks-of-abortion/) Globally, abortion was induced in the develop world in accordance with local law, is among the safest procedures in medicine. However, unsafe abortion results in approximately 70,000 maternal deaths and 5 million hospital admissions per year globally. It is an estimated 44 million abortions are performed globally each year, with slightly under half of those are unsafely. And lots of complication my trigger to the patient itself. Including life-threatening problems and psychosocial consequences have also been included. And most of the complication resulted from abortion performed by lay practitioner, or that were self-induced. (http:realchoice.org.au/resources/mental-health-risks-of-abortion/) In the Philippines 90,000 women were hospitalized for post-abortion care in 2008. And it remains illegal in this predominantly Catholic nation of more than 95 million inhabitants. And according to the 2008 study by the Guttmacher Institute, a non-profit health, there are an estimated 560,000 cases of induced abortion per year, resulting in some 90,000 women being hospitalized and about 1,000 deaths a year in the island nation. The Guttmacher Institute, which worked on the study with the University of the Philippines Population Institute, said about half of the 3.4 million pregnancies in 2008 unintended. And in UP study actually started out by looking at hospital admissions for abortion. In 1994, there were about 80,000 women hospitalized for complication from unsafe abortions. Complications from abortion including life-threatening problems such as uterine...
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