Mary Anne Warren argued that fetus is a human being but not a person, which only persons have full moral rights. What is human being? What is person? Is it right for a woman to carry out abortion? In this essay, we will pinpoint at commenting her criteria on personhood.
It is useful to look beyond for us to decide whether other beings like aliens are a person or not. If we want to be sure of behaving morally towards these beings, we have to somehow decide whether they are people, and hence have full moral rights, or whether they are the sort of things which he need not feel guilty about treating them only as a mean. How should we make this decision? Warren suggested that the traits which are most central to the concept of personhood, or humanity in the moral sense: (1)
Consciousness and in particular the capacity to feel pain; (2)
The capacity to communicate, by whatever means, messages of an indefinite variety of types, that is, not just with an indefinite number of possible contents, but on indefinitely many possible topic; and (5)
The presence of self-concepts, and self-awareness, either individual or racial, or both. She states those fetuses are non-person is they do not satisfy the above criteria. We are going explain her 5 criteria of personhood and comment on it with different dilemmas when deciding certain beings are humans or not.
What is the concept of person? According Warren’s view, the following five criteria are the most central senses. First, consciousness is the state of understanding and realization. Consciousness means of objects and events external and/ or internal to the being, and in particular the capacity to feel pain. Reasoning means the developed capacity to solve new and relatively complex problems. The second criterion is reasoning, which refers to the developed capacity to solve new and relatively complex problems or challenges. Reasoning is a way which...
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